Elettaria cardamomum

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Elettaria cardamomum
(L.) Maton

alt=Description de l'image A aesthetic Cardamom.JPG.
Ordre Zingiberales
Famille Zingiberaceae
Genre Elettaria

2n =

Origine : Western Ghats (Inde),
Sri Lanka

sauvage ou cultivé

Français cardamome
Anglais cardamom


Résumé des usages
  • épice : fruit, graines
  • médicinal



Description

Noms populaires

français cardamome
anglais cardamom, true cardamom, small cardamom
arabe هَال - hāl, هَيل - hail, حَبُّ الْهَال - habbu al-hāl, حَبُّ الْهَان - habbu al-hān, حَبَّهَان - habbahān
sanscrit एला - ela, upakunchika (Mansfeld, Wealth of India)
hindi छोटी इलायची - choti-elachi (Mansfeld)
bengali choti-elachi (Wealth of India)
marathi veldode (Wealth of India); इलाची - elachi (Wikipédia)
gujerati elchi (Wealth of India)
telugu yelak-kayalu (Wealth of India); yelakulu - యేలకులు (Gernot Katzer)
tamoul yelakkai (Wealth of India); elakkai - ஏலக்காய் (Gernot Katzer)
kannada yelakki (Wealth of India)
malayalam yelam (Wealth of India); elakkay - ഏലക്കായ് (Gernot Katzer)
chinois dou kou hua (Mansfeld)
Indonésie kapulaga sabrang (général), kapol (sundanais), kapolaga (sundanais) (PROSEA)
Malaysia biah pelaga (PROSEA)
Birmanie bala, pala, panlat (PROSEA)
Cambodge krako sbat (PROSEA)
Laos hma:k hnè:ngx (PROSEA)
Thaïlande krawan-thet (central) (PROSEA)
Vietnam trúc sa, bạch dậu khấu (PROSEA)

Classification

Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton (1811)

On distingue une var. major Thwaites (1861)

synonyme :

  • Elettaria major Sm. (1819), nom. illeg.

Cultivars

Histoire

Usages

Références

  • Kuriakose, G. et al., 2009. Domestication of cardamom (Elettaria cardomum) in Western Ghats, India: divergence in productive traits and a shift in major pollinators. Ann. Bot. (Oxford), 103: 727-733.

Liens