Aesculus hippocastanum

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Aesculus hippocastanum L.

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Ordre Sapindales
Famille Sapindaceae
Genre Aesculus

2n =

Origine :

sauvage et cultivé

Français '
Anglais '

Résumé des usages
  • arbre ornemental
  • médicinal
  • graines parfois consommées ?


Noms populaires


Aesculus hippocastanum L. (1753)




HORSE-CHESTNUT. Turkey. The common horse-chestnut is cultivated for ornament but never for the purpose of a food supply. It is now known to be a native of Greece or the Balkan Mountains[1]. Pickering[2] says it was made known in 1557; Brandis[3], that it was cultivated in Vienna in 1576; and Emerson[4], that it was introduced into the gardens of France in 1615 from Constantinople. John Robinson[5] says that it was known in England about 1580. It was introduced to northeast America, says Pickering[6], by European colonists. The seeds are bitter and in their ordinary condition inedible but have been used, says Balfour[7], as a substitute for coffee.

  1. Robinson, J. Agr. Mass. 34. 1850.
  2. Pickering, C. Chron. Hist. Pls. 892. 1879.
  3. Brandis, D. Forest Fl. 104. 1876.
  4. Emerson, G. B. Trees, Shrubs Mass. 2:546. 1875.
  5. Robinson, J. Letter to Dr. Sturtevant Oct. 13, 1881.
  6. Pickering, C. Chron. Hist. Pls. 892. 1879.
  7. Balfour, J. H. Man. Bot. 459. 1875.
Sturtevant, Notes on edible plants, 1919.