Adansonia digitata L.
|français||baobab, calebassier du Sénégal, arbre de mille ans (PROTA)|
|anglais||baobab, monkey-bread tree, dead-rat tree, cream-of-tartar tree (PROTA)|
|portugais||baobab, molambeira, imbondeiro, calabaceira, cabacevre (PROTA)|
|swahili||mbuyu, mkuu hapingwa, mkuu hafungwa, muuyu (PROTA)|
Adansonia digitata L. (1759) (Sp. pl. 1753, nom. inval.)
Bahobab Alpin 1735, De Plantis Aegypti, 27v ; 37
Fructus bahobab Alpin 1735, De Plantis Aegypti, 28r ; 37
BAOBAB. CORK TREE. MONKEYBREAD. SOUR GOURD. East Indies. This tree has been found in Senegal and Abyssinia, as well as on the west coast of Africa, extending to Angola and thence across the country to Lake Ngami. It is cultivated in many of the warm parts of the world. Mollien, in his Travels, states that to the negroes, the Baobab is perhaps the most valuable of vegetables. Its leaves are used for leaven and its bark for cordage and thread. In Senegal, the negroes use the pounded bark and the leaves as we do pepper and salt. Hooker says the leaves are eaten with other food and are considered cooling and useful in restraining excessive perspiration. The fruit is much used by the natives of Sierra Leone. It contains a farinaceous pulp full of seeds, which tastes like gingerbread and has a pleasant acid flavor. Brandis says it is used for preparing an acid beverage. Monteiro says the leaves are good to eat boiled as a vegetable and the seeds are, in Angola, pounded and made into meal for food in times of scarcity; the substance in which they are imbedded is also edible but strongly and agreeably acid.
The earliest description of the Baobab is by Cadamosto, 1454, who found at the mouth of the Senegal, trunks whose circumference he estimated at 112 feet. Perrottet says he has seen these trees 32 feet in diameter and only 70 to 85 feet high. Sturtevant, Notes on edible plants, 1919.
- Drury, H. Useful Pls. Ind. 15. 1858.
- Sabine, J. Trans. Hort. Soc. Lond. 5:444. 1824.
- Brandis, D. Forest Fl. 30. 1874.
- Monteiro, J. J. Angola, River Congo 1:128. 1875.
- Bekele-Tesemma, Azene, 2007. Useful trees and shrubs for Ethiopia. Identification, propagation and management for 17 agroclimatic zones. Nairobi, ICRAF - RELMA. 550 p. (Technical Manual 6). Voir l'article
- Eyog Matig, O., Ndoye, O., Kengue, J. et Awono, A. Editeurs, 2006. Les Fruitiers Forestiers Comestibles du Cameroun. Rome, IPGRI, CIFOR, IRAD. XIV-204 p. Voir l'article
- Lost Crops of Africa. Volume II: Vegetables, 2006. Washington, National Academies Press. 354 p. en ligne
- Lost Crops of Africa. Volume III: Fruits, 2008. Washington, National Academies Press. 380 p. en ligne