Achillea nobilis (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

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Eminium lehmannii
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Achillea nobilis (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Amberboa turanica
Achillea nobilis
Achillea nobilis

Achillea nobilis L.

Local name:

  • Russian: Тысячелистник благородный - tysjačelistnik blagorodnyj
  • Uzbek: Sar-Bas-Djusan, Sar-Bas-Dzhusan, Buymodaron
  • Turkmen: Boy-Bodron

Chromosome numbers: 2n = 18 (Darlington and Wylie 1955; Skalinska et al. 1959).

Description and morphology: Perennial herb (height up to 50 cm). Stem: numerous from base of plant, straight. Leaves: rosette around plant base, lance-shaped, pinnate on lower stems. Small capitellum, multi-flowered stalks gathered in a corymb. Flowers: bisexual; small, and sympetalous, 5 stamens, attached to corolla tube. Ovary inferior, unilocular, with one anatropous, tenui-nucellate ovule.

Reproduction: Sexual and vegetative (rhizomes). Typical entomophilous plant. Flowering: June–August. Fruit maturation: August– September. Fruit: achene. Seed: small with large erect embryo without endosperm. Dormancy B1 type. Light-sensitive.

Pastoral importance: Satisfactory forage plant during early vegetation and flowering, eaten by all livestock. At the fruiting stage, hardly consumed because of high content of volatile oils (up to 40%).

Fodder value: At flowering forage of Achillea contains (% DM): ash 12.5; protein 21.7; fat 4.0; cellulose 8.9. At fruit stage (% DM): ash 6.25; protein 6.5; fat 3.7; cellulose 38.5; nitrogen-free extract 45.1.

Economic significance: Medicinal; aromatic bitter taste used to stimulate appetite; plant extract is used traditionally as a treatment for bleeding.

Habitat: Common on plains, foothill steppes and meadows.

Distribution: Middle Asia and Kazakhstan.