Mangifera indica

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Mangifera indica L.

alt=Description of Alphonso mango.jpg picture.
mangoes 'Alphonso' (India)
Order Sapindales
Family Anacardiaceae
Genus Mangifera

2n = 40

Origin : northern India, Burma

wild or cultivated

English mango
French mango / mango

Summary of uses
  • fruit eaten ripe or green
  • fruit transformed into juice, chutneys...
  • seed oil: substitute for cocoa butter
  • lumber, fuelwood
  • medicinal: bark, leaves, fruits, flowers, root, resin
  • ornamental
  • leaves, fruit and by-products: fodder
  • bark rich in tannin and resin: dye


Popular names

French mango / mango
English mango
German Mango
Dutch mango
Italian mango
Spanish mango
Portuguese mangueira / manga
Hindi ām
Malayalam Mānga
Guyanese Creole mango [mang], mango foot [pjé-mang] (Pharma. Guyana)
wayãpi mã (Pharma. Guyana)
palikur mã (Pharma. Guyana)


Mangifera indica L. (1753)




One of the most important and most delicious tropical fruits. Cultivated in India obviously since more than 4.000 years; now in more than 1.000 cultivars (mostly clones) in all countries of the tropics. Largest areas of cultivation are in India (60% of the fruit tree area), Indonesia, Philippines, USA (Florida, Hawaii), Mexico, Brazil, S and E Africa, Australia. The juicy and sweet ripe fruits are used as table fruit, for making juice, tarts, jams, jellies, ice-cream and preserves; unripe fruits are used in pickles and chutneys. They are rich in vitamin A and C. Fruits, leaves, flowers, roots, bark and resin have a medicinal importance. The bark contains 78% resin and 17% tannic acid and serves to dye yellow cotton, wool and silk. Domestication took place in India, the tree was distributed already BC eastwards, but much later to E and W Africa; from here it was introduced into tropical America (firstly grown in the West Indies). Human selection favoured succulence, low fibre and resin content of the fruits and small stones. Often un-improved seedlings are grown, but more recently mostly selected vegetatively propagated clones. Breeding work began in India in the early 20th cent.



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