Hormosippon-Hyssopus (Sturtevant, 1919)
Hormosippon-Hyssopus (Sturtevant, 1919)
- 1 Hormosippon arcticus Berk.
- 2 Houttuynia cordata Thunb.
- 3 Hovenia dulcis Thunb.
- 4 Humulus lupulus Linn.
- 5 Hydnora africana Thunb.
- 6 Hydrangea thurnbergii Siebold.
- 7 Hydrophyllum appendiculatum Michx.
- 8 Hydrophyllum canadense Linn.
- 9 Hydrophyllum virginicum Linn.
- 10 Hygrophila spinosa T. Anders.
- 11 Hymenaea courbaril Linn.
- 12 Hyoseris lucida Linn.
- 13 Hypelate paniculata Cambess.
- 14 Hyphaene thebaica Mart.
- 15 Hypochoeris apargioides Hook. & Am.
- 16 Hypochoeris brasiliensis Griseb.
- 17 Hypochoeris maculatea Linn.
- 18 Hypochoeris radicata Linn.
- 19 Hypochoeris scorzonerae F. Muell.
- 20 Hypoxis sp.?
- 21 Hyptis spicigara Lam.
- 22 Hyssopus officinalis Linn.
Hormosippon arcticus Berk.
This alga abounds in the Arctic regions and affords wholesome food, which is far preferable to the tripe de roche, as it has none of its bitterness or purgative quality.
Houttuynia cordata Thunb.
Himalayan region, China and Japan. The leaves of this plant are said to be used as a potherb in Nepal. In France, it is an inmate of flower gardens as an aquatic.
Hovenia dulcis Thunb.
Rhamneae. RAISIN TREE.
Himalayan regions, China and Japan. The tree is cultivated in India for its fruit, which has a pleasant flavor like that of a Bergamot pear. The round fruits, about the size of a pea, are seated at the end of the recurved, fleshy peduncle, which is cylindrical, about an inch long, and is the part eaten.
Humulus lupulus Linn.
Urticaceae (Cannabidaceae). BINE. HOP.
Northern Europe and not rare in the United States, especially westward on banks of streams. The scaly cones, or catkins, have been used from the remotest period in the brewing of beer. The hop was well known to the Romans and is mentioned by Pliny under the name lupus saltetanus. Hop gardens are named as existing in France and Germany in the eighth and ninth centuries, and Bohemian and Bavarian hops have been known as esteemed kinds since the eleventh century. The hop was mentioned by Joan di Cuba in his Ortus Samtatis as growing in Holland prior to 1485. Hop roots were mentioned in the Memorandum of Mar. 16, 1629, of seeds to be sent to the Massachusetts Company. The plant was also cultivated in New Netherlands as early as 1646, and in Virginia in 1648 it is said, "their Hopps are faire and large, thrive well." Gerarde says, "The buds or first sprouts which come forth in the Spring are used to be eaten in sallads; yet are they, as Pliny saith, more toothsome than nourishing, for they yield but very small nourishment." Dodoenaeus alludes to this plant as a kitchen herb. He says, "before its tender shoots produce leaves, they are eaten in salads, and are a good and wholesome meat." Hop shoots are now to be found in Covent Garden market and are not infrequently to be seen in other European markets.
The first allusion to the hop as a kitchen herb in America is by Cobbett, 1821. The use of the young shoots is mentioned by Pliny in the first century as collected from the wild plant, rather as a luxury than as a food. Dodonaeus, 1616, refers to the use of the young shoots, as collected apparently from the hop yard, as does also Camerarius, 1586, and others. Emit Pott, in summing up the uses of this plant, says that the tendrils furnish a good vegetable wax and a juice from which a reddish-brown coloring matter can be extracted. Hop ashes are greatly valued in the manufacture of certain Bohemian glasswares. A pulp for paper-making can be satisfactorily bleached, and very serviceable unbleached papers and cardboards are made from this raw material. The fibers can also be used in the manufacture of textile fabrics, and, in Sweden, yarn and linen making from hop fibers has long been an established industry and is constantly increasing in importance and extent. The stalks can also be used for basket and wickerwork. The leaves and the spent hops are excellent food for live stock and especially for sheep.
Hydnora africana Thunb.
Cytinaceae (Hydnoraceae). JACKAL'S KOST.
South Africa. This plant is found growing on the roots of Euphorbia. It consists of a tubular flower from four to six inches long and may be compared to the socket of a candlestick but three-lobed. The outside is of dull brown and inside of a rosy-red color It possesses an offensive smell like putrid meat. It is, however, said to be eaten by the Hottentots.
Hydrangea thurnbergii Siebold.
Saxifrageae (Hydrangaceae). TEA-OF-HEAVEN.
Japan. The natives use the dried leaves as a substitute for tea. This tea is called ama-tsja, tea-of-heaven.
Hydrophyllum appendiculatum Michx.
Hydrophyllaceae. HAIRY WATERLEAF. WOOLEN BREECHES.
Eastern North America. Barton says, in Kentucky, the young shoots are eaten in the spring as a salad and are highly prized by all who eat them.
Hydrophyllum canadense Linn.
North America. Barton says the roots of this species were eaten by the Indians in times of scarcity.
Hydrophyllum virginicum Linn.
INDIAN SALAD. SHAWNEE SALAD.
North America. This plant is called in the western states, according to Serra, Indian salad or Shawnee salad, because eaten as such by the Indians, when tender. Some of the first settlers ate the plant.
Hygrophila spinosa T. Anders.
East India and Malay. The leaves are used as a potherb.
Hymenaea courbaril Linn.
A colossal tree of tropical and southern subtropical South America. The pods contain three or four seeds, inclosed in a whitish substance, as sweet as honey, which the Indians eat with great avidity, though, says Lunan, it is apt to purge when first gathered. Brown, in British Guiana, says this pulp tastes not unlike a dry cake, being sweet and melting in the mouth. It is called algarroba in Panama, jatal in Brazil and simiri in Guiana.
Hyoseris lucida Linn.
Compositae. SWINE'S SUCCORY.
Egypt. Wilkinson says this plant is the hypocheris of Pliny and is esculent.
Hypelate paniculata Cambess.
West Indies. The fruit is the size of a plum and is edible after roasting.
Hyphaene thebaica Mart.
Palmae. GINGERBREAD TREE.
African tropics. The fruits which are produced in long clusters, each containing between one and two hundred, are beautifully polished, of a rich, yellowish-brown color and are of irregular form. In Upper Egypt, they form part of the food of the poorer classes of inhabitants, the part eaten being the fibrous, mealy husk, which tastes almost exactly like gingerbread, but its dry, husky nature renders it unpalatable.
Hypochoeris apargioides Hook. & Am.
Chile. The root of this perennial herb is used for culinary purposes like that of scorzonera.
Hypochoeris brasiliensis Griseb.
Southern Brazil. This smooth, perennial herb has the aspect of a sowthistle. It is sometimes used like endive as a salad.
Hypochoeris maculatea Linn.
Europe and northern Asia. The leaves may be used as a salad.
Hypochoeris radicata Linn.
SPOTTED CAT'S EAR.
Europe and north Africa. This weed of Britain, says Johnson, has been cultivated in gardens but has fallen into disuse. The wild plant may be boiled as a potherb.
Hypochoeris scorzonerae F. Muell.
Chile. The plant has edible roots.
Labillardiere found a species in the forests of New Caledonia, the roots of which are eaten by the natives.
Hyptis spicigara Lam.
African tropics. This plant of tropical Africa is called neeno and is cultivated by the natives of Gani as a grain. It is eaten roasted by them. They also extract an oil from the seeds, both black and white, of this strongly smelling plant. Schweinfurth says the tiny seeds are brazed to a jelly and are used by the natives of central Africa as an adjunct to their stews and gravies. The Bongo and Niam-Niam, especially, store large quantities.
Hyssopus officinalis Linn.
Europe and temperate Asia. Hyssop was once considerably employed in domestic medicine. From the frequent mention made of it in Scripture, we may infer that it grew wild in Syria and Egypt. In French and Italian cookery, the tops of the young shoots are sometimes used in soups. In 1597, Gerarde figures three varieties; in 1683, Worlidge names it among culinary herbs in England, but says it is more valued for medicine; in 1778, Mawe describes six varieties, and says the plant is generally cultivated in the kitchen garden; in 1806, McMahon includes hyssop in his list of kitchen aromatics for American gardens. Hyssop is mentioned among European garden plants by Albertus Magnus in the thirteenth century and in nearly all the later botanies, Ray enumerating it also as an ornamental plant, in nine varieties. As an ornamental plant, hyssop is deserving of notice but its present use in American gardens must be very limited. It is mentioned by Paulus Aegnita, in the seventh century, as a medicinal plant. It is said by Fessenden, 1828, to be occasionally used as a potherb. At present, it has become naturalized as an escape from gardens in Michigan. In France, hyssop is grown in the flower gardens.