Artemisia vulgaris (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Artemisia vulgaris L.


Protologue: Sp. pl. 2: 848 (1753).

Vernacular names

  • Mugwort (En)
  • Indonesia: baru cina (Sumatra), beunghar kucicing (Sundanese), suket ganjahan (Javanese)
  • Malaysia: hiya, bunga ayam hutan bateh, baru cina (Peninsular)
  • Philippines: damong-maria (Tagalog), erbaka (Iloko), gilbas (Cebu-Bisaya)
  • Thailand: kot chulaalamphuaua
  • Vietnam: ngải cứu, thuốc cứu.

Distribution

Native in Europe, continental Asia and North America, introduced and naturalized locally in South-East Asia, e.g. in Java; locally cultivated, e.g. in Peninsular Malaysia and the Philippines.

Uses

Leaves and flowering tops are used traditionally to stimulate the appetite, as a sedative and as a vermifuge. A gel containing the extract is considered a useful skin care product for dry and pruritic skin conditions. In the Philippines, a decoction or infusion of the leaves is used as a vulnerary, expectorant, stomachic and emmenagogue. In Indonesia, the herb is used as a diuretic, to treat haemorrhoids, diarrhoea and (externally) to treat skin diseases and sores. In Malaysia, it is also used to treat sores. In Thailand, the roots are used as anthelmintic, the leaves as an anti-asthma, antipyretic, expectorant, emmenagogue and to cure diarrhoea; the flowers are used as an anti-asthma and expectorant. In Vietnam, it is considered haemostatic, emmenagogue and stomachic, and is used externally for poulticing ulcers and sores. A. vulgaris is used in local medicine in India to treat rheumatism. In Chinese medicine the leaves are used as a remedy against haemorrhage and diarrhoea. Leaves are used to flavour food.

Observations

A perennial, often ascending and branched herb up to 200 cm tall, with subterranean stolons and grooved stem; leaves pinnatipartite to bipinnate, up to 10.5(-14) cm long, with lanceolate, 1-7 mm wide segments, with dense white lanate-arachnoid hairs beneath; heads in panicles with spiciform branches, 3.5-5 mm long, central flowers bisexual, corolla pale green; fruit glabrous, but not developing in Java. A. vulgaris is locally a common weed in open localities, in fields and roadsides, in Java at 250-3000 m altitude. A. vulgaris is a complex species that many authors have divided into numerous species, but that others consider to represent a single very variable and widespread species. Information on A. vulgaris from eastern Asia probably often refers to other related species (mainly A. indica ?).

Selected sources

97, 193, 202, 243, 244, 332, 350, 361, 580, 944, 1008, 1035, 1126, 1130, 1178, 1448, 1572.

Authors

Nguyen Tien Ban, Vu Xuan Phuong & Charles B. Lugt