Strychnos minor (PROSEA)

From PlantUse English
Jump to: navigation, search
Logo PROSEA.png
Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Strychnos minor Dennst.

Protologue: Schlüss. Hortus malab.: 33 (1818).


  • Strychnos laurina Wallich ex DC. (1845),
  • Strychnos multiflora Benth. (1856),
  • Strychnos colubrina auct. non L.

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: ranosandang (Sulawesi), ipu tanah (Kalimantan), wale ammelaum (Moluccas)
  • Malaysia: lengkoyan, semiyo akar (Peninsular)
  • Philippines: bukuan (Ibanag, Negrito), pamulaklakin (Tagalog), bugahin (Bisaya)
  • Thailand: tum kaa khao, tum kaa daeng (Lampang)
  • Vietnam: kim luông (Biên Hoa), thuổc mọi (Tây Ninh).


From India, Sri Lanka and Burma (Myanmar), through Indo-China (southern Vietnam), Thailand and the whole of Malesia (except Java), to the Solomon Islands and northern Australia.


The wood, bark and roots are used medicinally; a decoction is prescribed in the Philippines as an emmenagogue and to treat throat complaints, and it is also used as arrow poison. In Thailand, the stems are used for their carminative, antipyretic and stomachic activity. The stems are used for tying.


  • A liana up to 12 m long, with bark sometimes densely lenticellate, grey, tendrils double.
  • Leaves ovate or suborbicular to lanceolate, 8-25 cm × 3-12 cm, petiole 3-15 mm long.
  • Inflorescence axillary and/or terminal, many-flowered.
  • Corolla 3-6.5 mm long, tube about as long as lobes, inside in the upper half with woolly hairs.
  • Fruit globose, (1-)2-3 cm in diameter, sometimes ellipsoid and 3.5 cm long, about 1-8-seeded.
  • Seeds lenticular, 12-15 mm × 10-12 mm × 2-4 mm, minutely densely tomentose.

S. minor occurs in primary and secondary forest, in New Guinea also in Araucaria forest, up to 1850 m altitude.

Selected sources

  • [160] Bisset, N.G., 1974. The Asian species of Strychnos. Part III. The ethnobotany. Lloydia 37(1): 62-107.
  • [163] Bisset, N.G. & Phillipson, J.D., 1976. The Asian species of Strychnos. Part IV. The alkaloids. Lloydia 39(5): 263-325.
  • [202] Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Revised reprint. 2 volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol. 1 (A-H) pp. 1-1240. Vol. 2 (I-Z) pp. 1241-2444.
  • [276] Conn, B.J. & Brown, E.A., 1993. Notes on Strychnos L. (Loganiaceae) in Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 6: 309-319.
  • [287] Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1948-1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials & industrial products. 11 volumes. Publications and Information Directorate, New Delhi, India.
  • [839] Leenhouts, P.W., 1962. Loganiaceae. In: van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (General editor): Flora Malesiana. Series 1, Vol. 6. Wolters-Noordhoff Publishing, Groningen, the Netherlands. pp. 293-387.
  • [1126] Perry, L.M., 1980. Medicinal plants of East and Southeast Asia. Attributed properties and uses. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States & London, United Kingdom. 620 pp.
  • [1178] Quisumbing, E., 1978. Medicinal plants of the Philippines. Katha Publishing Co., Quezon City, the Philippines. 1262 pp.
  • [1460] Tirel-Roudet, C., 1972. Loganiaceae. In: Vidal, J.E. & Galibert, Y. (Editors): Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Viêtnam [Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam]. Vol. 13. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France. pp. 3-89.
  • [1475] Tran Cong Khanh, 1987. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Sippenstruktur des Genus Strychnos L. (Loganiaceae) in der Flora Vietnams. Teil 2: Zur Gliederung der Gattung Strychnos in Vietnam [Contribution to the knowledge on affinity structure of the genus Strychnos L. (Loganiaceae) in the flora of Vietnam. Part 2: On the division of the genus Strychnos in Vietnam]. Feddes Repertorium 98(1-2): 75-104.

Main genus page


  • Purwaningsih