Ziziphus xylopyrus (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd.

Family: Rhamnaceae

Vernacular names

  • Kottai elandai (Tamil).


India, Sri Lanka. Occasionally cultivated in South-East Asia.


Fruits are said to be edible. In India the tree is important as host for the lac insect. Tannin in the stones is used to dye leather black.


  • Tree, up to 12 m tall, sparsely armed.
  • Fruit a globose drupe, 2 cm in diameter, tomentose.
  • Seeds 2 or 3.

Very common in foothill scrub jungles in India, up to 1200 m altitude. In India flowering in May-July, fruiting June-December.

Selected sources

  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • Mansfeld, R. & Schultze Motel, J., 1986. Verzeichnis landwirtschaftlicher und gärtnerischer Kuturpflanzen. 2nd ed. 4 Volumes. Springer Verlag, Berlin. 1998 pp.
  • Matthew, K.M., 1981-1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. 3 Volumes. The Rapinat Herbarium, Tiruchirapalli, India.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen