Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.
|French||jujubier tropical / jujube|
- spiny tree 2,5-15 m high, deciduous, with zig-zag branches
- leaves alternate, elliptical, slightly dentate, 2-9 cm long, with 3 ribs from the base, pubescent beneath
- flowers axillary, greenish, in fascicles by 7-20
- fruit: ovoid drupe, 2-4,5 cm long according to cultivars, yellow to red and brown
Cultivars are tetraploid (4x = 48) or octoploid (4x = 96).
Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. (1789)
- Lamarck (3, 319) gives as French name: Jujubier de l'Isle de France. In consequence, the epithet mauritiana means "of Mauritius island".
- Rhamnus jujuba L. (1753)
- Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Gaertn. (1788, non Miller 1768), nom. illeg.
- Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Lam. (1789) non Mill. (1768)
Plants called Ziziphus jujuba in literature usually refer to this species when they come from tropical regions.
- genebank (100 accessions) at ICRAF-WCA/Sahel (Samanko, Mali).
- The green type, also called "jujube greffe" in La Réunion, has a slightly acid flavour similar to apple when ripe (its skin becoming then opalescent white).
- The common type, with fruits smaller, orange to red when ripe, has a flavour similar to the date with an important mucilage when fresh. Its ripening season in La Réunion is June-August.
Fruits are eaten raw with the skin in India, Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands.
- Janick, Jules & Paull, Robert E., 2008. The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts. Cambridge (USA), CABI. 954 p.
- Kalinganir, Antoinee, Weber, John C. & Coulibaly Salimata, 2012. Improved Ziziphus mauritiana germplasm for Sahelian smallholder farmers: First steps toward a domestication programme. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods, 21(2) : 128-137. on line
- Koné, B., Kalinganire, A. & Doumbia, M., 2009. La culture du jujubier: un manuel pour l'horticulteur sahélien. Nairobi, Kenya, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF). 45p.
- Pareek, O.P., 2001. Ber. Southampton, International Centre for Underutilised Crops. (Fruits for the future, 2).