Syzygium simile (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Syzygium simile (Merr.) Merr.

Protologue: Philipp. Journ. Sci., Bot. 79: 414 (1951).
Family: Myrtaceae


  • Eugenia similis Merr. (1906).

Vernacular names

  • Philippines: panglongboien (Iloko), malaruhat (Tagalog), arang (Mangyan), muning (Bisaya).


Endemic in the Philippines.


The fruits are eaten raw. The timber is used for house and ship building and for implements.


  • A small tree up to 15 m tall.
  • Leaves opposite, elliptical-ovate to oblong-ovate, 9-11 cm × 4-6 cm, with c. 14 pairs of fairly indistinct secondary veins, petiole slender, up to 25 mm long.
  • Flowers in panicles from branches below the leaves, calyx c. 3 mm long, with 4 distinct and persistent lobes, petals white.
  • Fruit a subglobose berry, purplish to black.

S. simile occurs in forest at low and medium altitudes throughout the Philippines, but the supply of timber is limited. The wood is greyish-brown.

Selected sources

  • Merrill, E.D., 1923-1925. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 4 Volumes. Government of the Philippine Islands, Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Printing, Manila.
  • Monsalud, M.R., Tongacan, A.L., Lopez, F.R. & Lagrimas, M.Q., 1966. Edible wild plants in Philippine forests. The Philippine Journal of Science 95: 431 561.

414, 426, 527, 673. timbers


  • P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen