Sphenoclea zeylanica (PROSEA)

From PlantUse English
Jump to: navigation, search
Logo PROSEA.png
Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Sphenoclea zeylanica Gaertner

Family: Campanulaceae

Vernacular names

  • Wedgewort, gooseweed (En)
  • Indonesia: gunda
  • Philippines: burat-aso (Tagalog), mais-mais (Bisaya)
  • Cambodia: kâm'-péén tük
  • Laos: kaad naa
  • Thailand: phakpot-na
  • Vietnam: cỏ phổng, xà bông.


Native to tropical Africa, but now distributed pantropically, including South-East Asia.


The bitter, young shoots or young plants are eaten in Java and Thailand.


  • Annual, erect, simple or branched herb, up to 1.5 m tall with hollow stem.
  • Leaves spirally arranged, glabrous; petiole up to 3 cm long; leaf-blade oblong to lanceolate-oblong, 2.5-12.5 cm × 0.5-5 cm.
  • Flowers in conical-cylindrical spikes up to 7.5 cm long.

In humid soils up to 350 m altitude. A common weed in rice fields. The habit much resembles Phytolacca species.

Selected sources

7, 33, 49, 66, 85, 91.