Solanum ferox (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Solanum ferox L. var. involucratum (Blume) Miq.

Family: Solanaceae


  • Solanum involucratum Blume.

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: karundang (Sundanese), ricontom, contoman (Javanese).


Indonesia (Java), Peninsular Malaysia.


The hairy berries can be eaten raw.


  • Erect prickly herb, up to 1 m tall.
  • Leaves ovate, 10-15 cm × 10 cm, thorny on nerves on both sides, purplish.
  • Fruit a globose berry, about 2 cm in diameter, 1-3 together in axils of leaves, white hairy, enclosed in the large calyx lobes.

In open places of secondary vegetation, up to 1500 m altitude.

Selected sources

  • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C., 1963 1968. Flora of Java. 3 Volumes. Noordhoff, Groningen, the Netherlands.
  • Heyne, K., 1927. De nuttige planten van Nederlandsch Indië [The useful plants of the Dutch East Indies]. 2nd ed. 3 Volumes. Departement van Landbouw, Nijverheid en Handel in Nederlandsch Indië. 1953 pp.
  • Ridley, H.N., 1922-1925. The Flora of the Malay Peninsula. 5 Volumes. Government of the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States. L. Reeve & Co., London.


  • P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen