Semecarpus longifolius (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Semecarpus longifolius Blume

Family: Anacardiaceae


  • Semecarpus gigantifolia S. Vidal.
  • Semecarpus euphlebia Merr.
  • Semecarpus lanceolata Merr.

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: ampaela (Sulawesi)
  • Philippines: manalu (Bisaya, Filipino), anagas, anagas-babae (Tagalog), libas (Bikol)


Taiwan, the Philippines, Sulawesi, East Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands (Timor) and the Moluccas.


Ripe fruits are edible. Wood used for construction purposes.


  • Dioecious tree, up to 20 m tall and 30 cm diameter.
  • Leaves very large.
  • Inflorescences cauliflorous, flowers white.
  • Fruit a drupe, subglobose, 1-2 cm diameter; swollen pedicel obconical-cylindrical, up to 2 cm × 1.5 cm.

Juice is poisonous, irritating the skin. In lowland forests; becoming rare in the Philippines.

Selected sources

  • FAO, 1984. Food and fruit-bearing forest species 2: examples from Southeastern Asia. FAO Forestry paper 44/2, Rome. 167 pp.
  • van Steenis, C.G.G.J. et al. (Editors), 1950-. Flora Malesiana. Series 1. Vol. 1, 4-10. Centre for Research and Development in Biology, Bogor, Indonesia, and Rijksherbarium, Leiden, the Netherlands. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen