Piper sarmentosum (PROSEA)
Piper sarmentosum Roxb. ex Hunter
- Family: Piperaceae
- Chavica sarmentosa (Roxb. ex Hunter) Miq.
- Indonesia: karuk (Sundanese), cabean (Javanese), sirih tanah (Moluccas)
- Malaysia: chabai, kadok batu
- Philippines: patai-butu (Sulu)
- Cambodia: môrech ansai
- Thailand: cha phlu (central), nom wa (peninsular), phlu ling (northern)
- Vietnam: tiêu lốt, tat phắt
From India to southern China and from the Philippines southward to the Moluccas.
The dried infructescence is occasionally used as a spice and as a medicine. In Thailand the whole plant is used as an expectorant, the leaf as a carminative.
- Erect or ascending, often stoloniferous herb or shrublet, up to 1 m tall. Leaves with 2-8 cm long petiole; lower leaves ovate-cordate, 7-15 cm x 5-10 cm, 5-7-veined; highest leaves obliquely oblong, 7-11 cm x 3-5 cm, 3-veined.
- Inflorescence an erect spike, 1-2 cm long; bracts circular, white, about 1 cm in diameter; stamens short; stigmas 3-4.
- Fruit a berry, connate to each other and adnate to bract but with free apex.
Piper sarmentosum grows in thickets up to 600 m altitude, preferably in shady circumstances. In the past Piper sarmentosum has been confused with Piper longum L., which does not occur in Malesia.
- Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink Jr, R.C., 1963 1968. Flora of Java. 3 volumes. Wolters-Noordhoff, Groningen, the Netherlands. Vol. 1 (1963) 647 pp., Vol. 2 (1965) 641 pp., Vol. 3 (1968) 761 pp.
- Koorders, S.H., 1911 1937. Exkursionsflora von Java [Excursion flora of Java]. 4 volumes. Gustav Fischer, Jena, Germany.
Source of this Article
Jansen, P.C.M., 1999. Piper sarmentosum Roxb. ex Hunter. In: de Guzman, C.C. and Siemonsma, J.S. (Editors). Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 13: Spices. Backhuys Publisher, Leiden, The Netherlands, p. 261.