Phyllanthus oxyphyllus (PROSEA)
- Protologue: Fl. Ind. Bat., Suppl.: 179, 448 (1860).
- Phyllanthus frondosus Wallich ex Muell. Arg. (1863),
- Phyllanthus hasskarlianus Muell. Arg. (1863),
- Phyllanthus kunstleri Hook.f. (1887).
- Piggyback tree (En)
- Malaysia: asin-asin, cherek hantu, meroyan puteri (Peninsular)
- Thailand: yaai chuung laan, yaai theep laan, yom hin (peninsular).
Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra.
In Peninsular Malaysia, a decoction of the leaves may be applied to cure fever, and is given after childbirth as a protective medicine. It is also a diuretic and diaphoretic in treating gonorrhoea.
- An evergreen, glabrous shrub or small tree up to 3 m tall with phyllanthoid branching, bole crooked; deciduous branchlets 15-42 cm long.
- Leaves subsessile, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 2-7 cm × 1-2 cm, cuneate to slightly cordate at base, apex long tapering, stipules minute, narrowly triangular; cymules borne directly in the leaf axils.
- Male flowers in contracted cymules, calyx lobes 5-6, stamens 3, filaments almost connate, anthers apiculate; female flowers subsessile, solitary or accompanied by male ones, calyx lobes 5-6, styles free or connate below, bifid.
- Fruit a subglobose capsule, 3-lobed, about 7 mm in diameter, red.
P. oxyphyllus is found in evergreen, primary or secondary rain forest, in lowland and mountains up to 1200 m altitude, sometimes on rocky places, rarely on limestone.
32, 34, 202, 284, 1126, 1227, 1564.
Main genus page
F.L. van Holthoon