Passiflora mollissima (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) Bailey

Family: Passifloraceae

Vernacular names

  • Banana passion fruit (En)
  • Tacsonia, tacso (Sp).


Originating from the Andes. Cultivated in Ecuador, Colombia, southern California, New Zealand, Hawaii, India and occasionally elsewhere.


The fruit pulp is eaten fresh or prepared in drinks, ice-creams, desserts, etc. The plant is also cultivated as an ornamental.


  • Softly pubescent climbing herb with deeply 3-lobed leaves and pink flowers of 7.5 cm diameter.
  • Fruit an ellipsoidal berry, 5-12 cm × 3-4 cm, yellow or dark green; pulp salmon coloured, with black flat reticulated seeds.

Suited to cool conditions but sensitive to frost. Propagation by seed and by cuttings. First crop 2 years after planting. In Colombia fruit production of 31-47 t/ha per year is possible.

Selected sources

  • Mansfeld, R. & Schultze Motel, J., 1986. Verzeichnis landwirtschaftlicher und gärtnerischer Kuturpflanzen. 2nd ed. 4 Volumes. Springer Verlag, Berlin. 1998 pp.
  • Martin, F.W. & Nakasone, H.Y., 1970. The edible species of Passiflora. Economic Botany 24: 333-343.
  • Morton, J.F., 1987. Fruits of warm climates. Creative Resource Systems Inc., Winterville, N.C., USA. 503 pp.
  • Purseglove, J.W., 1975. Tropical Crops. Dicotyledons 1 & 2. Longmans Green & Co., London. 719 pp.
  • van Steenis, C.G.G.J. et al. (Editors), 1950-. Flora Malesiana. Series 1. Vol. 1, 4-10. Centre for Research and Development in Biology, Bogor, Indonesia, and Rijksherbarium, Leiden, the Netherlands. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen