Matricaria chamomilla

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Matricaria chamomilla L.

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Order Asterales
Family Compositae
Genus Matricaria

2n =

Origin : Europe, temperate Asia

wild and cultivated

English {{{english}}}
French {{{french}}}


  • Leaves compound with filiform segments.
  • Receptacle without paleas between the flowers.

Popular names

  • English: camomille vraie, camomille allemande
  • French: German chamomile
see general discussion on chamomile.


Matricaria chamomilla L. (1753)


  • Matricaria recutita L. (1753)
  • Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert (1974)

There has long been a great confusion about the name, because the description and synonymy of Linnaeus in 1753 largely corresponds to Tripleurospermum maritimum subsp. inodorum (L.) Appleq. But Linnaeus himself altered the sense in 1755, and his herbarium sheet in Hortus Cliffortianus corresponds to this sense, and has been so typified. (Applequist, 2003)



drawing from Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen

The species can be found all over Europe and temperate Asia, and has been widely introduced in temperate North America and Australia.


  • Beverage
  • Human medicine
  • Essential oil


  • Applequist, Wendy L., 2003. A reassessment of the nomenclature of Matricaria L. and Tripleurospermum Sch. Bip. (Asteraceae). Taxon, 51: 757-761.
  • Thorne Research, 2008. Matricaria chamomilla (German chamomile) Monograph. Alternative Medicine Review, 13(1): 58-62. pdf