Mangifera monandra (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Mangifera monandra Merr.

Protologue: Publ. Govt. Lab. Philipp. 17: 28 (1904).


  • Mangifera philippinensis Mukherji (1949).

Vernacular names

  • Philippines: malapaho (general), kalamansanai (Tagalog), kurig (Sambali, Bataan).


The Philippines (Luzon, Samar, Leyte, Ticao and Quimaras).


The wood is used for interior finish, furniture, cabinet work and construction under cover. The fruit is usually eaten unripe, because when ripe it becomes difficult to recover the little flesh there is.


  • A medium-sized to fairly large tree, with bole branchless for up to 20 m and up to 120 cm in diameter, buttresses absent.
  • Leaves elliptical to obovate-lanceolate or almost spatulate, 8-19 cm × 2.5-8 cm.
  • Inflorescence pseudo-terminal, lax and many-flowered, glabrous.
  • Flowers 4-merous, petals 3-4.5 mm long, white, with 5(-7) ridges confluent at the base, disk cushion-like, slightly 4-lobed, one stamen fertile, staminodes much smaller, filaments free.
  • Fruit ellipsoid, slightly compressed and inequilateral, c. 3.5 cm long.

M. monandra occurs scattered in lowland rain forest. The heartwood is greyish to pale red; the density is about 560 kg/m3at 15% moisture content.

Selected sources

162, 328, 414, 527, 673.