Mangifera lagenifera (PROSEA)
Mangifera lagenifera Griffith
- Protologue: Not. pl. asiat. 4: 414, t. 567, fig. 3 (1854).
- Family: Anacardiaceae
- Indonesia: lanjut (Sumatra)
- Malaysia: lanjut (Peninsular, Sarawak), dedahan (Iban, Sarawak)
- Thailand: mamuang-pom (central).
Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra and Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah). Introduced in Thailand. Rarely cultivated.
The wood is reputed to be used. The fruit is edible but sour and stringy; it is eaten cooked or uncooked, preserved with salt or sugar in sambals or pickles. The large tree is a beautiful ornamental.
- A medium-sized to fairly large tree up to 40 m tall, with bole branchless for up to 18 m and up to 80(-100) cm diameter, buttresses usually absent, bark surface initially smooth, later irregularly cracked and slightly fissured, red-brown or grey-brown.
- Leaves obovate-lanceolate to spatulate, (3-)5-13(-15) cm × (1.5-)2-5 cm, coriaceous.
- Inflorescence pseudo-terminal and in the axils of upper leaves, paniculate, sometimes seemingly fasciculate, minutely puberulous.
- Flowers 5-merous, petals 5-7 mm long, purple, without ridges on the inner surface, disk slender and stipe-like, five stamens fertile, connate at base, 5 small staminodes.
- Fruit a pyriform drupe, up to 11 cm long, green flushed with pink but turning brownish when fully ripe, flesh dirty white to pinkish.
M. lagenifera occurs scattered in evergreen lowland rain forest up to 150 m altitude, sometimes in temporarily inundated places. Flowering from January to September, fruiting from March to May, but flowering only occurs at long intervals of many years. The trees are becoming very rare. The dense crown consists of numerous subcrowns and is dark green. The density of the wood is about 575 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.
- Bompard, J.M. & Kostermans, A.J.G.H., 1985. Wild Mangifera species in Kalimantan, Indonesia. In: Mehra, K.L. & Sastrapradja, S. (Editors): Proceedings of the International Symposium on South East Asian Plant Genetic Resources, 20-24 August 1985, Jakarta. Lembaga Biologi Nasional LIPI, Bogor. pp. 172-174.
- Mukherjee, S.K., 1985. Systematic and ecogeographic studies on crop genepools 1. Mangifera L. IBPGR, Rome. 86 pp.
- van Steenis, C.G.G.J. et al. (Editors), 1950-. Flora Malesiana. Series 1. Vol. 1, 4-10. Centre for Research and Development in Biology, Bogor, Indonesia, and Rijksherbarium, Leiden, the Netherlands. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London.
104, 140, 162, 328, 673, 705. timbers
- P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen