Horsfieldia ridleyana (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Horsfieldia ridleyana (King) Warb.

Family: Myristicaceae


  • Myristica ridleyana King.

Vernacular names

  • Brunei: kumpang
  • Peninsular Malaysia: pianggu jantan, penarahan.


Brunei, Malaysia (Peninsular, Sabah, Sarawak).


The fruit is said to be edible. The wood is easy to work but not durable and of little economic value.


  • Slender or crooked dioecious tree, 5-25 m tall.
  • Fruit a berry, 1-6 per infructescence, ellipsoid, 1.5-2 cm × 1-1.5 cm, glossy, yellow-green.

In forests on poor and shallow soils, up to 1100 m altitude. Fruits throughout the year.

Selected sources

  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • de Wilde, W.J.J.O., 1986. A new account of the genus Horsfieldia 4. The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 39: 1-65.
  • Ridley, H.N., 1922-1925. The Flora of the Malay Peninsula. 5 Volumes. Government of the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States. L. Reeve & Co., London.
  • Thomas, A.V., 1951. Malayan timbers: penarahan. The Malaysian Forester 14: 221-224.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen