Garcinia hombroniana (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Garcinia hombroniana Pierre

Family: Guttiferae

Vernacular names

  • Seashore mangosteen (En)
  • Peninsular Malaysia: beruas, buras, manggis hutan (Peninsular)
  • Thailand: waa (peninsular).


The Nicobar Islands, Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Borneo (Sarawak).


The arillode around the seeds is edible, sour, with a flavour of peaches. A decoction of the root may be administered after childbirth as a preventive medicine. The roots and leaves are used to relieve itching.


  • Tree, 9-18 m tall, latex white.
  • Leaves oblong to elliptic, 15 cm × 7.5 cm.
  • Flowers unisexual, rose-red outside, cream-yellow inside.
  • Fruit a globose berry, 5 cm diameter, bright rose red, scented of apples.
  • Seeds numerous.

Common on sandy and rocky coasts. Resembles the mangosteen, but latex is white and flowers are smaller.

Selected sources

  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • Corner, E.J.H., 1965. Check-list of Ficus in Asia and Australasia with keys to identification. The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 21: 1-186.
  • Richards, A.J., 1990. Studies in Garcinia, dioecious tropical forest trees: the phenology, pollination biology and fertilization of G. hombroniana Pierre. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 103: 251-261.
  • Ridley, H.N., 1922-1925. The Flora of the Malay Peninsula. 5 Volumes. Government of the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States. L. Reeve & Co., London.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen