Ficus sinuata (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Ficus sinuata Thunb.

Family: Moraceae


  • Ficus rostrata Lamk,
  • Ficus cuspidata Reinw. ex Blume.

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: gagareman, peer (Sundanese), sipadi (Sumatra)
  • Malaysia: mepai, kesenai.


India (Assam), Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia (Java, Sumatra, Borneo).


The small fruits are considered very tasty.


  • Shrub, often epiphytic, 2-4 m tall.
  • Leaves elliptic-oblong to subobovate, 5-20 cm × 2-8 cm.
  • Fruit a fig, axillary, subglobose, about 1 cm diameter, orange-red, usually 2-6 together.

In not too dry forest, up to 1500 m altitude. Subspecies cuspidata (Reinw. ex Blume) Corner is less branched and has broader leaves. It occurs only in Malaysia and Indonesia.

Selected sources

  • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C., 1963 1968. Flora of Java. 3 Volumes. Noordhoff, Groningen, the Netherlands.
  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • Corner, E.J.H., 1965. Check-list of Ficus in Asia and Australasia with keys to identification. The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 21: 1-186.
  • Corner, E.J.H., 1988. Wayside trees of Malaya. 3rd ed. 2 Volumes. The Malaysian Nature Society. United Selangor Press, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 774 pp.
  • Heyne, K., 1927. De nuttige planten van Nederlandsch Indië [The useful plants of the Dutch East Indies]. 2nd ed. 3 Volumes. Departement van Landbouw, Nijverheid en Handel in Nederlandsch Indië. 1953 pp.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen