Eruca sativa (PROSEA)
Eruca sativa Miller
- Family: Cruciferae
- Brassica eruca L.,
- Eruca foetida Moench,
- E. vesicaria (L.) Cav. subsp. sativa (Miller) Thellung
- Garden rocket, roman rocket, rocket salad (En)
- Roquette (Fr)
The origin of E. sativa is not known but it occurs wild and cultivated in the Mediterranean, North and North-East Africa, the Balkans, and East and Central Asia. It is also cultivated in India and America. In South-East Asia it is cultivated on several farms in Cavite province, the Philippines.
The leaves, seedlings and seeds of E. sativa are used in salads and as a condiment in the preparation of sauces and mustard. It is also used medicinally. In Asia E. sativa is cultivated for oil production; the seed oil is used as an edible oil, lubricant, fuel and for medicinal purposes. Immature green plants and the press cake are used to feed cattle and other animals. Garden rocket is in demand by international hotels and restaurants in the Philippines.
- Erect, annual, branching, glaucous, glabrous or sub-hispid herb, 5-60(-100) cm tall.
- Leaves alternate, lyrate-pinnatifid, variously toothed, rarely obovate and subentire.
- Inflorescence racemose; sepals 4, long elliptical, 7-12 mm long, often tipped with hairs; petals 4, 14-24 mm long, pale yellow or white, veins visible; stamens 6, free.
- Fruit a silique, 1-4.5 cm long, turgid, beaked, erect.
- Seeds numerous, 2-seriate, globose, 1-2 mm in diameter.
E. sativa is self-sterile. The seeds contain 30-35% oil. E. sativa can be grown on poor soils with low rainfall.
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