Datura stramonium (PROSEA)
- Protologue: Sp. pl. 1: 179 (1753).
Datura tatula L. (1762).
- Thorn apple, jimsonweed, devil's apple (En).
- Pomme épineuse, stramoine (Fr)
- Indonesia: kucubung leutik (Sundanese), jarak pendek, kacubung wulung (Javanese)
- Thailand: lanphong khao.
Probably of American origin; now found all over the world, but particularly common in warm temperate regions. In South-East Asia, D. stramonium only occurs in some locations in Java, where it is naturalized, and also in mountainous regions in Thailand.
In Java, D. stramonium is an ingredient of certain traditional medicines to treat fatigue, pain and for curing sprains. .
- An annual herb up to 120 cm tall, stem glabrous or nearly so.
- Leaves rhombic to angular-ovate or ovate-oblong, 6-20 cm × 3-15 cm, exsculpted-dentate-pinnatilobed, petiole up to 10 cm long.
- Flowers with corolla 5-9 cm long, simple, white or pale purplish.
- Fruit always erect, densely covered with strong and long prickles.
D. stramonium is locally naturalized in Java at higher altitudes (1000-2100 m) and grows in sunny and fertile locations such as on waste land and in tea plantations.
87, 97, 112, 193, 343, 346, 549, 561, 562, 580, 588, 652, 847, 1277.
Sri Hartati, Imastini Dinuriah & M.M. Blomqvist