Dacryodes rostrata (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Dacryodes rostrata (Blume) H.J. Lam

Family: Burseraceae


  • Canarium kadondon Bennett,
  • Canarium cuspidatum (Blume) Merr.,
  • Santiria samarensis Merr.
  • Hemisantiria rostrata (Blume) H.J. Lam.

Vernacular names

  • Brunei: ungit, kebayan ajer, kebayan burong
  • Indonesia: asem begomdang (Sumatra), rengas burung (Bangka), kembajau (Kalimantan), kembayan bekuwak, kembayan tikus (Sumatra)
  • Malaysia: kedondong kerut, mansipot (Peninsular), kelamok maruk (Sarawak), kamubang (Sabah), salong banggi (Malay, Sabah)
  • Philippines: kaminging-lakihan (Tagalog), lunai (Lanao), palaspas (Bikol), pili-hanai (Bisaya).


Brunei, Indonesia (Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi), Malaysia (Peninsular, Sabah, Sarawak), Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo, North Sulawesi, the Philippines and Southern Vietnam. Occasionally also cultivated as fruit tree, e.g. in Brunei.


The pulp of the fruits is edible. The wood is used as timber for planks and paddy-pounders. The resin is used to make torches.


  • Tree, up to 45 m tall and trunk 1 m in diameter, sometimes buttressed.
  • Leaves 2-10-jugate.
  • Infructescences stout; fruit an ovoid to oblongoid drupe, 2-4 cm × 1-2 cm, yellow to purple, containing 1 seed.

Mainly in primary forests, seldom in swamps, up to 600 m altitude. Fruiting mainly between March and September.

Selected sources

  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • Merrill, E.D., 1923 1925. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 4 Volumes. Government of the Philippine Islands, Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Printing, Manila.
  • van Steenis, C.G.G.J. et al. (Editors), 1950-. Flora Malesiana. Series 1. Vol. 1, 4-10. Centre for Research and Development in Biology, Bogor, Indonesia, and Rijksherbarium, Leiden, the Netherlands. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen