Cyperus brevifolius (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.

Protologue: Cat. Hort. Bog.: 24 (1844).


Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. (1773).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: jukut pendul (Sundanese), rumput sadanan (Javanese), rumput kapas (Sumatra)
  • Malaysia: kanching bayu jantan, rumput sekepet burit, rumput teki (Peninsular)
  • Philippines: boto-botonisan (Tagalog), kadkadot (Igorot), pugo-pugo (Central Bisaya)
  • Thailand: yaa kok dok khaao (Bangkok), yaa hua mong (Surat Thani)
  • Vietnam: bạc dầu lá ngắn.


Throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world; very common throughout Malesia.


The pounded rhizome is used as poultice for sores; it has anti-inflammatory properties. A decoction of the whole plant is used as diuretic and against malaria. Leaves are taken internally against diarrhoea. It is sometimes used as a fodder.


A perennial herb with rhizome creeping horizontally under or close to the ground surface, stem 3-40(-50) cm long; leaves 1-3 mm wide, canaliculate, scabrid on the margins in the upper part, grass-green; inflorescence usually consisting of a single terminal head, involucral bracts (2-)3-4(-6), up to 6(-20) cm long, spikelets closely packed, 1(-2)-flowered; stamens 1-2(-3), stigmas 2; fruit biconvex, laterally compressed, obovoid or ellipsoid, yellowish-brown. C. brevifolius is extremely variable. It occurs up to 1500(-1900) m altitude in grasslands, along roads, in forest clearings and on river banks.

Selected sources

202, 332, 580, 722, 760, 1178.


Nguyen Khac Khoi