Cerbera manghas (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Cerbera manghas L.

Protologue: Sp. pl. 1: 208 (1753).

Synonyms

  • Cerbera linnaei Montrouz. (1860),
  • Cerbera odollam auct. non Gaertner.
  • Cerbera lactaria Buch.-Ham. ex Spreng.

Vernacular names

  • Sea-mango (En)
  • Indonesia: bintaro (Java), bintan (Manado), mangga brabu (Moluccas)
  • Malaysia: bentan, bintaru (Peninsular)
  • Philippines: baraibai (Tagalog)
  • Burma (Myanmar): kalwa salat
  • Thailand: teenpet lek (central), teenpet sai (peninsular), rak khao (southeastern)
  • Vietnam: hải guả tủ huờng, muróp sat huờng, muróp xác huờng.

Distribution

From the Seychelles towards Indo-China, Taiwan, Thailand, throughout the Malesian area to north-eastern Australia and Melanesia.

Uses

In Thailand, the leaves and bark are used as a laxative and emetic. In Fiji, the leaves and fruits are used as an emetic, and the root and bark as a purgative. The scraped root is used to treat liver disorders. A decoction of the inner bark is drunk with cold water as an abortifacient.

Observations

  • A shrub or tree up to 25 m tall, bole up to 70 cm in diameter.
  • Leaves narrowly obovate to elliptical, 5-31 cm × 1-7(-8) cm, length-width ratio (1.7-)2.4-7, base cuneate, apex acuminate, apiculate or rounded, with 15-40 pairs of secondary veins.
  • Inflorescence few- to many-flowered, up to 30 cm long, usually only one flower open at a time, sepals very variable in shape and size, length-width ratio 1.2-12, corolla tube narrowly infundibuliform, 17-55 mm long, with 5 lanate scales just below the mouth, lobes 15-50 mm long, usually white, but locally tinged pink or yellow at the base, stamens inserted just beneath the mouth, covered by the lanate scales.
  • Fruit consisting of 2 mericarps, ellipsoid, 5-12 cm × 3-7 cm × 3-5.5 cm, purplish-red or pale green.

Selected sources

  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1948-1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials & industrial products. 11 volumes. Publications and Information Directorate, New Delhi, India.263, 407, 459, 672, 786, 810, 1008. medicinals

Authors

  • Tran Cong Khanh