Carissa carandas (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Carissa carandas L.

Family: Apocynaceae


  • Carissa congesta Wight.

Vernacular names

  • Karanda, karaunda, Bengal currant (En)
  • Indonesia: karandan (Java), senggaritan (Timor)
  • Malaysia: kerenda, kerandang, berenda
  • Philippines: karanda, caramba, perunkila
  • Thailand: naam daeng (Bangkok), manaao ho (peninsular), naam khee haet (Chiang Mai)
  • Vietnam: cây sirô.


Native and cultivated in India, Sri Lanka, Burma and Peninsular Malaysia. Introduced and naturalized in Indonesia and the Philippines. Widely cultivated also in Thailand, Indo-China and East Africa.


The fruits are eaten raw or stewed with sugar; also used to make beverages, curries, tarts, jellies and puddings. Plants are suitable for hedging. Medicinally the fruits are used as an astringent, antiscorbutic and as a remedy for biliousness; a leaf decoction is used against fever, diarrhoea, earache; the roots serve as stomachic, vermifuge, remedy for itches, and insect repellent. The wood is hard and used to make small utensils.


  • Climbing shrub, usually 3-5 m tall, rich in white latex, branches with simple or branched sharp spines.
  • Fruit a berry, in clusters of 3-10, globose to broad-ovoid, 1-2.5 cm long, dark purple to blackish.

It is grown in full sun, in not too humid regions. Propagation usually by seed, vegetative propagation is difficult.

Selected sources

  • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C., 1963 1968. Flora of Java. 3 Volumes. Noordhoff, Groningen, the Netherlands.
  • Mansfeld, R. & Schultze Motel, J., 1986. Verzeichnis landwirtschaftlicher und gärtnerischer Kuturpflanzen. 2nd ed. 4 Volumes. Springer Verlag, Berlin. 1998 pp.
  • Morton, J.F., 1987. Fruits of warm climates. Creative Resource Systems Inc., Winterville, N.C., USA. 503 pp.
  • Page, P.E. (Compiler), 1984. Tropical tree fruits for Australia. Queensland Department for Primary Industries, Brisbane, Australia. 226 pp.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen