Carissa carandas (PROSEA)
- Family: Apocynaceae
- Carissa congesta Wight.
- Karanda, karaunda, Bengal currant (En)
- Indonesia: karandan (Java), senggaritan (Timor)
- Malaysia: kerenda, kerandang, berenda
- Philippines: karanda, caramba, perunkila
- Thailand: naam daeng (Bangkok), manaao ho (peninsular), naam khee haet (Chiang Mai)
- Vietnam: cây sirô.
Native and cultivated in India, Sri Lanka, Burma and Peninsular Malaysia. Introduced and naturalized in Indonesia and the Philippines. Widely cultivated also in Thailand, Indo-China and East Africa.
The fruits are eaten raw or stewed with sugar; also used to make beverages, curries, tarts, jellies and puddings. Plants are suitable for hedging. Medicinally the fruits are used as an astringent, antiscorbutic and as a remedy for biliousness; a leaf decoction is used against fever, diarrhoea, earache; the roots serve as stomachic, vermifuge, remedy for itches, and insect repellent. The wood is hard and used to make small utensils.
- Climbing shrub, usually 3-5 m tall, rich in white latex, branches with simple or branched sharp spines.
- Fruit a berry, in clusters of 3-10, globose to broad-ovoid, 1-2.5 cm long, dark purple to blackish.
It is grown in full sun, in not too humid regions. Propagation usually by seed, vegetative propagation is difficult.
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- Mansfeld, R. & Schultze Motel, J., 1986. Verzeichnis landwirtschaftlicher und gärtnerischer Kuturpflanzen. 2nd ed. 4 Volumes. Springer Verlag, Berlin. 1998 pp.
- Morton, J.F., 1987. Fruits of warm climates. Creative Resource Systems Inc., Winterville, N.C., USA. 503 pp.
- Page, P.E. (Compiler), 1984. Tropical tree fruits for Australia. Queensland Department for Primary Industries, Brisbane, Australia. 226 pp.
P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen