Canarium rigidum (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Canarium rigidum (Blume) Zipp. ex Miq.

Protologue: Fl. Ind. Bat. 1(2): 648 (1859).


  • Canarium polyphyllum K. Schumann (1889),
  • Canarium ledermannii Lauterb. (1920).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: hoddjai (Irian Jaya, Manokwari).


Northern and north-western New Guinea.


The wood is used as kedondong, also for building prahus.


  • A medium-sized tree up to 30 m tall, bole up to 45 cm in diameter, buttressed, bark surface grey.
  • Stipules absent; leaves with 7-25 leaflets, leaflets shortly acuminate to gradually long-acuminate at apex, margin entire, glabrous or minutely pubescent on the midrib above and main veins below, with 11-24 pairs of secondary veins which are prominent below.
  • Inflorescence axillary, laxly paniculate.
  • Male flowers 6 mm long, female ones 7.5 mm long, stamens 6.
  • Fruit ellipsoid, acute, circular to rounded triangular in cross-section, 40-50 mm × 20-25 mm, glabrous.

C. rigidum occurs in primary and secondary forest, up to 1200 m altitude.

Selected sources

162, 342, 366.


  • M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)

Main genus page