Canarium odontophyllum (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Canarium odontophyllum Miq.

Protologue: Fl. Ind. Bat., Suppl.: 525 (1861).


  • Canarium beccarii Engl. (1883),
  • Canarium palawanense Elmer (1913),
  • Canarium multifidum H.J. Lam (1932).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: danau majang (Sumatra), kurihang, dawai (Kalimantan)
  • Malaysia: kedondong (Sabah), dabang (Sarawak).


Sumatra, Borneo and Palawan.


The wood is used as kedondong. In Sarawak C. odontophyllum is grown for its edible fruits.


  • A medium-sized to fairly large tree up to 35 m tall, bole branchless for up to 18 m, up to 60 cm in diameter, with buttresses, inner bark exuding a little whitish resin.
  • Stipules persistent, inserted near or at the base of the petiole, orbicular to oblong and dentate to finely lacerate; leaves with 7-17 leaflets, leaflets distinctly acuminate at apex, margin dentate to serrate, sparsely to densely hairy below and on the midrib above, with 15-28 pairs of secondary veins which are slightly raised or flat above and prominent below; i.
  • Inflorescence axillary, laxly paniculate.
  • Male flowers 4-7 mm long, female ones 8-9 mm long, stamens 6.
  • Fruit ovoid to ellipsoid, slightly triangular in cross-section, 25-35 mm × 17-20 mm, glabrous.

C. odontophyllum is locally common in primary forest, up to 450 m altitude. The density of the wood is 530-720 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.

Selected sources

77, 99, 162, 342, 366.


M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)

Main genus page