Callicarpa candicans (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Callicarpa candicans (Burm.f.) Hochr.


Protologue: Candollea 5: 190 (1934).

Synonyms

Callicarpa cana L. (1771).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: apu-apu (Sundanese), meniran kebo, (Javanese), sesepo (Lampung)
  • Malaysia: tampang besi, tampang besi merah
  • Philippines: tigau (Bisaya, Bikol, Tagalog), palis (Tagalog), anuyup (Ibanag, Iloko)
  • Cambodia: sroul kraham
  • Laos: dok pha nok
  • Vietnam: nàng nàng, trứng ếch, pha tốp.

Distribution

From southern China westward to eastern India and southward throughout South-East Asia to tropical parts of Australia and the Pacific.

Uses

In Peninsular Malaysia, a decoction of the young leaves is drunk to relieve abdominal troubles and amenorrhoea. In Java, the leaves are used for poulticing wounds to prevent swelling and on boils. An infusion is used as an emmenagogue. In the Philippines, the leaves are pounded and used as a fish poison. The leaves are smoked to relieve asthma. The leaves are externally applied as a plaster for gastralgia. In Vietnamese folk medicine, a decoction of roots and leaves is prescribed to women after parturition to restore appetite. Externally a decoction is employed as a wash for ulcers and boils.

Observations

An evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-4(-6) m tall, stem and branches greyish-brown tomentose; leaves very variable, elliptical-oblong, lanceolate or ovate-rotundate, (7-)10-20 cm × (2.5-)4-9(-11) cm, base cuneate, apex shortly acuminate, margin serrate-dentate, glandular and densely stellate tomentose beneath, stellate pubescent above when young, petiole 0.6-3(-4) cm long, stellate tomentose; cyme stellate tomentose, primary peduncle shorter than the petiole, 0.5-1 cm long; flowers subsessile, calyx minutely 4-toothed, 1-1.5 mm long, glandular and stellate hairy outside, corolla mauve or violet, tube 2 mm long, lobes broadly ovate, 3-3.5 mm long, with a few glands, stamens exserted, ovary globose, glabrous, glandular all over, style exserted, 5-6 mm long; drupe depressed globular, 2 mm in diameter, almost succulent, glabrous, glandular, mauve, purple or deep red. C. candicans is found in grasslands, brushwood, thickets, village groves and secondary forest, from sea-level up to 1000 m altitude.

Selected sources

74,

  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Revised reprint. 2 volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol. 1 (A-H) pp. 1-1240, Vol. 2 (I-Z) pp. 1241-2444.

207, 407, 739, 788, 810.

Authors

J.L.C.H. van Valkenburg & N. Bunyapraphatsara