Brassica oleracea Cymosa Group (Common names)
Brassica oleracea Cymosa Group
Brassica oleracea Groupe Cymosa
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Names in common use
- English: broccoli; calabrese1; sprouting broccoli; Cape broccoli2
- German: Brokkoli, Spargelkohl; Broccoletti (CH), Broccoli (Au)
- Dutch: broccoli; brokelie (B)
- Swedish: broccoli, sparriskål
- Danish: broccoli, aspargeskål
- Norwegian: aspargeskål, broccoli
- French: brocoli; brocoli à jets, brocoli branchu3; brocoletti, chou-asperge (CH)
- Italian: broccolo, cavolo broccolo, cavolbroccolo (pl. cavoli broccoli, cavolbroccoli); brocoletti (CH) / broccoli, broccoletti
- Spanish: brécol, bróculi; brócoli espárrago, brocolata; brócoli calabrés (Arg)
- Catalan: bróquil, col-i-bróquil
- Portuguese: couve-bróculo, bróculo; brócolo (Br)
- Romanian: brocoli
- Russian: брокколи, спаржевая капуста - brokkoli, sparževaja kapusta
- Polish: brokuł, brokuł włoski
- Czech: prokolice
- Bulgarian: броколи - brokoli
- Croatian: kaulin, kavulin
- Slovenian: kavolin; brokola, broccoli
- Albanian: brokoli
- Greek: μπρόκολο, μπρόκολο παραπούλι / παραπούλια (pl.) - brokolo, brokolo parapouli / parapoulia
- Turkish: brokkoli, broccoli, cibes
- Hungarian: brokkoli, spárgakel
- Finnish: parsakaali
Sources and commentaries
Broccolis form a very diverse group. Most of them are grown and used only locally, particularly in Italy and at a least extent in France.
(1) Designates only the headed dark green form bred in the USA.
(2) Designates a branching form with purple flowers.
(3) Designates only branched forms.
- The sprouts of all kinds of cabbages (particularly fodder kales) have been used in the past in France, under such local names as brocolis, piochons (Touraine), broutes (South-West), brondons, cimettes or tendrons. In Belgium, they were called chou à jets, chou blond à couper, chou à beurre.
- Nowadays, a commercial product of Ramosa Group is sold as 'brocoli-feuilles' at the beginning of winter (when there is no inflorescence), and it becomes 'brocoli' when it has an inflorescence in the middle. MC
- In the United States, new cultivars of sprouting broccoli, bred through hybridization with kai lan, are being promoted under trademarks, such as Bimi, Tendergreen and Broccolini.
- Sprouts are called τσιμούλια, τσιμπούλια - tsimoulia, tsiboulia in Crete.
- Sprouts are called hortos.