Brassica napus (PROSEA)
- Family: Cruciferae
Major taxa and synonyms
- Cv. group Colza. Synonyms: B. napus L. ssp. napus , B. napus L. var. napus, B. napus L. var. arvensis Thellung.
- Cv. group Rutabaga. Synonyms: B. napus L. ssp. rapifera Metzger, B. napus L. var. napobrassica (L.) Reichb., B. oleracea L. var. napobrassica L.
Cv. group Colza:
- Colza, rape (seed) (En)
- Colza (Fr).
Cv. group Rutabaga:
- Rutabaga, swede (En)
- Rutabaga, chou-navet (Fr).
Only known from cultivation, but sometimes escaped to the wild, mainly in Europe. Occasionally cultivated elsewhere, including South-East Asia.
- Cv. group Colza: mainly cultivated for the oil of the seed, which is a valuable edible oil with many applications. Leaf-rich forms are also cultivated for their leaves, used as vegetable or as forage.
- Cv. group Rutabaga: mainly cultivated for its edible tubers, eaten cooked or used as forage.
- Annual or biennial herbs, up to 2 m tall.
- Cultivars of the Rutabaga group develop a thick, subglobose, underground tuber with yellowish to whitish flesh.
- Cultivars of the Colza group bear 4-12 or more, basal, lyrate-pinnatifid leaves.
- Flowers yellow.
- Ffruit a silique, 5-10 cm long with a slender beak.
- Seeds in one row, globose, 1.5-3 mm in diameter, blackish.
Plants prefer a humid cool climate and will grow on any kind of soil. Propagation is by seed. Rotation with non-cruciferous crops is important to minimize diseases and pests.
5, 9, 39, 57, 66, 74, 81.
- See also under Brassica (PROSEA Oils and fats) for the oil use.