Barleria cristata (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Barleria cristata L.


Protologue: Sp. pl. 2: 636 (1753).

Synonyms

Barleria dichotoma Roxb. (1832).

Vernacular names

  • Bluebell, Philippine violet (En)
  • Thailand: kaan chang, luem thao yai (northern), thong ra-aa (central)
  • Vietnam: hoa chông.

Distribution

Distributed from the Himalayas through India, eastwards to China, and also in the Philippines and northern Australia.


Uses

The bitter juice of the leaves or roots is used as a diaphoretic and expectorant for serious catarrhal infections. An infusion of the roots and leaves is applied to boils and sores to reduce swellings.

Observations

An erect, branched shrub, up to 1.5 m tall, unarmed, with appressed hairy twigs; leaves lanceolate to elliptical-oblong, 1-12 cm long, base attenuate, apex pointed, hairy, petiole 1-2 cm long; flowers 1-3 in each axil, bracts absent or lanceolate, 8-12 mm long, bristly on margins, bracteoles absent, calyx lobes acuminate, corolla tube 3.5 cm long, outside glandular, lobes 5, unequal, white, pink or purple, fertile stamens 4, filaments hairy; capsule ellipsoid, 2 cm long, 4-seeded. B. cristata occurs in waste places and along roadsides, and is sometimes weedy.

Selected sources

  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Revised reprint. 2 volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol. 1 (A-H) pp. 1-1240, Vol. 2 (I-Z) pp. 1241-2444.

250, 407, 725, 810, 968.

Authors

N.O. Aguilar