Baccaurea parviflora (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Baccaurea parviflora (Muell. Arg.) Muell. Arg.

Family: Euphorbiaceae


  • Baccaurea scortechinii Hook.f.
  • Baccaurea rostrata Merr.,
  • Baccaurea singaporica Pax & K. Hoffm.

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia, Malaysia: setambun (general)
  • Burma: kanaso
  • Malaysia: asam tambun, setambun (Peninsular)
  • Thailand: mafai-ka (peninsular), somfai-pa (Nakhon Si Thammarat), mafai-tao (Satun).


Peninsular Burma, Thailand and Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo and Sumatra.


Fruits are edible, acidic, best when cooked. The wood is hard and durable, used for small utensils.


  • Small tree, up to 6 m tall.
  • Leaves elliptic, up to 20 cm × 9 cm.
  • Inflorescences on the trunk, females at lowest part.
  • Fruit a fusiform berry-like capsule, up to 2.5 cm × 1 cm, angled, sometimes narrowly winged, purplish-black, on strings lying on the ground.

In lowland forest, up to 450 m altitude, flowering after dry weather.

Selected sources

  • Airy Shaw, H.K., 1972. The Euphorbiaceae of Siam. Kew Bulletin 26: 191-363.
  • Airy Shaw, H.K., 1981. The Euphorbiaceae of Sumatra. Kew Bulletin 36: 239-374.
  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • Corner, E.J.H., 1965. Check-list of Ficus in Asia and Australasia with keys to identification. The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 21: 1-186.
  • Heyne, K., 1927. De nuttige planten van Nederlandsch Indië [The useful plants of the Dutch East Indies]. 2nd ed. 3 Volumes. Departement van Landbouw, Nijverheid en Handel in Nederlandsch Indië. 1953 pp.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen