Baccaurea macrocarpa (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Baccaurea macrocarpa (Miq.) Muell. Arg.

Family: Euphorbiaceae


  • Baccaurea griffithii Hook.f.
  • Baccaurea borneensis Muell. Arg.

Vernacular names

  • Greater tampoi (En)
  • Indonesia: kapul (Indonesian, Kalimantan), tampoi bulan (Indonesian, Bangka), tuak tampoi (Kalimantan), tampoi saya
  • Malaysia: tampoi merah (Sabah), tampoi, jintek merah, taban.


Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra.


The fruits are edible and sweet. The timber is strong and durable, used in construction.


  • Tree, 10-15 m tall.
  • Leaves not heart-shaped.
  • Inflorescences up to 20 cm long, clustered on branches and trunk, female ones shortest.
  • Fruit an oblongoid to globose capsule, up to 7 cm diameter, faintly 3-grooved, woody and thick-walled, brown to grey; pulp cream-white; singly or in bunches of 2-4 on long strings.

In lowland forest, rather common. Much resembling B. motleyana (Muell. Arg.) Muell. Arg., but with superior fruits, worth cultivation.

Selected sources

  • Airy Shaw, H.K., 1981. The Euphorbiaceae of Sumatra. Kew Bulletin 36: 239-374.
  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • Corner, E.J.H., 1965. Check-list of Ficus in Asia and Australasia with keys to identification. The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 21: 1-186.
  • Heyne, K., 1927. De nuttige planten van Nederlandsch Indië [The useful plants of the Dutch East Indies]. 2nd ed. 3 Volumes. Departement van Landbouw, Nijverheid en Handel in Nederlandsch Indië. 1953 pp.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen