Baccaurea lanceolata (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Baccaurea lanceolata (Miq.) Muell. Arg.

Family: Euphorbiaceae


Adenocrepis lanceolatus (Miq.) Miq., Baccaurea glabriflora Pax & K. Hoffm.

Vernacular names

  • Green rambai (En)
  • Indonesia: lompayang (Kalimantan), lengsu (Sundanese)
  • Malaysia: rambai utan, mempaung, asam pahong, medang kelawar (Peninsular)
  • Philippines: limpahung (Sulu)
  • Thailand: som huuk, som lok (Nakhon Si Thammarat).


From Thailand throughout Indo-China and western Malesia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo to the Philippines (Palawan). Occasionally also cultivated.


The fruits are edible, with an acid taste. Timber is hard and durable but only available in small dimensions.


  • Tree, up to 14 m tall, glabrous in all parts.
  • Leaves ovate-elliptic, 7-35 cm × 3-15 cm.
  • Fruit an ovoid capsule, up to 5 cm long, yellow-green to white, on pendulous ramiflorous racemes.

In evergreen forests, up to 300 m altitude.

Selected sources

  • Airy Shaw, H.K., 1972. The Euphorbiaceae of Siam. Kew Bulletin 26: 191-363.
  • Airy Shaw, H.K., 1981. The Euphorbiaceae of Sumatra. Kew Bulletin 36: 239-374.
  • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C., 1963-1968. Flora of Java. 3 Volumes. Noordhoff, Groningen, the Netherlands.
  • Corner, E.J.H., 1965. Check-list of Ficus in Asia and Australasia with keys to identification. The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 21: 1-186.
  • Heyne, K., 1927. De nuttige planten van Nederlandsch Indië [The useful plants of the Dutch East Indies]. 2nd ed. 3 Volumes. Departement van Landbouw, Nijverheid en Handel in Nederlandsch Indië. 1953 pp.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen