Artocarpus treculianus (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Artocarpus treculianus Elmer

Protologue: Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 2: 617 (1909).


Artocarpus nigrescens Elmer (1909), Artocarpus ovatifolia Merr. (1914), Artocarpus sorsogonensis Elmer ex Merr. (1923).

Vernacular names

  • Philippines: tugup, togop (Bisaya), pakak (Ibanag).


The Philippines.


The wood is used as keledang, e.g. for flooring, and regarded as valuable; it is termite resistant. The latex is used in turpentine and paint. The fruit is edible.


A medium-sized, sometimes fairly large, evergreen tree up to 20(-40) m tall, bole up to 100 cm in diameter, with small buttresses; leaves elliptical or ovate to rhomboid, base cuneate to rounded, entire to pinnatifid with 1-3 pairs of lateral lobes, glabrous above, the main veins appressed puberulent below, with 9-12 pairs of secondary veins, stipules amplexicaul; male head cylindrical, c. 7 mm across, on a 12-27 mm long peduncle; styles in female head bifid; syncarp ellipsoid to cylindrical, up to 5 cm across, with fleshy, cylindrical, obtuse processes, rough from the acute and deflexed tips of inflated hairs. A. treculianus occurs in lowland forest in regions with a rainfall of at least 1500 mm and a short or no dry season.

Selected sources

262, 544, 620.

T. Djarwaningsih (general part, selection of species),

D.S. Alonzo (properties),

S. Sudo (wood anatomy),

M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)