Artocarpus sericicarpus (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Artocarpus sericicarpus Jarrett

Protologue: Journ. Arn. Arb. 40: 350 (1959).

Vernacular names

  • Malaysia: terap (Sarawak)
  • Philippines: gumihan (Filipino), gomihan (Bikol).

Distribution

Borneo, the Philippines, Sulawesi and the Moluccas.

Uses

The wood is used as terap or keledang, e.g. for furniture, house and boat building. The fruit is edible and reported to be tasty; the seeds are roasted and eaten. The sticky latex is used in batik making.

Observations

  • A fairly large tree up to 40 m tall, bole up to 100 cm in diameter.
  • Leaves elliptical to ovate, base rounded to cuneate, slightly scabrid above, pubescent below, with 11-16 pairs of secondary veins, stipules amplexicaul.
  • Male head cylindrical, 15-20 mm across, on a 55-100 mm long peduncle; styles in female head simple.
  • Syncarp ellipsoid to cylindrical, up to 5 cm across, with long, flexuous and solid processes, covered with long hairs.


A. sericicarpus was formerly regarded as identical with A. elasticus but differs in e.g. the scabrid upper leaf surface and the long hairs on the syncarp. It occurs in evergreen lowland forest up to 300(-900) m altitude.

Selected sources

68, 175, 262, 544. timbers