Antidesma pentandrum (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Antidesma pentandrum (Blanco) Merr.

Family: Euphorbiaceae


  • Cansjera pentandra Blanco,
  • Antidesma rostratum Tulasne.

Vernacular names

  • Philippines: bignai-pogo (Tagalog), alangnon (Bikol), salagma (Igorot).


The Philippines, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan.


The fruits are eaten raw; they have a sour taste.


  • Shrub or small tree with slender yellow-brown twigs.
  • Leaves oblong, 5-7 cm × 3-5 cm.
  • Female inflorescences spicate, terminal.
  • Fruit an ovoid-elliptical drupe, pink to red.

In thickets at low and medium altitudes, up to 1800 m.

Selected sources

  • Hui lin Li et al. (Editors), 1975 1978. Flora of Taiwan. 5 Volumes. Epoch Publishing Co., Taipei.
  • Merrill, E.D., 1923 1925. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 4 Volumes. Government of the Philippine Islands, Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Printing, Manila.
  • Monsalud, M.R., Tongacan, A.L., Lopez, F.R. & Lagrimas, M.Q., 1966. Edible wild plants in Philippine forests. The Philippine Journal of Science 95: 431 561.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen