- See Candolle's article on rocambole.
ROCAMBOLE. SAND LEEK. SPANISH GARLIC. Europe, Caucasus region and Syria. This species grows wild in the Grecian Islands and probably elsewhere in the Mediterranean regions. Loudon says it is a native of Denmark, formerly cultivated in England for the same purposes as garlic but now comparatively neglected. It is not of ancient culture as it cannot be recognized in the plants of the ancient Greek and Roman authors and finds no mention of garden cultivation by the early botanists. It is the Scorodoprasum of Clusius, 1601, and the Allii genus, ophioscorodon dictum quibusdam, of J. Bauhin, 1651, but there is no indication of culture in either case. Ray, 1688, does not refer to its cultivation in England. In 1726, however, Townsend says it is "mightly in request;" in 1783, Bryant classes it with edibles. In France it was grown by Quintyne, 1690. It is mentioned by Gerarde as a cultivated plant in 1596. Its bulbs are smaller than those of garlic, milder in taste and are produced at the points of the stem as well as at its base. Rocambole is mentioned among American garden esculents by McMahon, 1806, by Gardiner and Hepburn, 1818, and by Bridgeman, 1832. Sturtevant, Notes on edible plants, 1919.
- De Candolle, A. Geog. Bot. 2 : 831 . 1855.
- Clusius Hist. 190. 1601.
- Bauhin, J. Hist. Pl. 2:559. 1651.
- Ray, J. Hist. Pl. 2:1120. 1688.
- Townsend Seedsman 25. 1726.
- Bryant Fl. Diet. 23. 1783.
- McMahon, B. Amer. Gard. Cal. 190. 1806.
- Gardiner and Hepburn Amer. Gard. 40. 1818.
- Bridgeman Young Card. Asst. 89. 1857.