Agathis labillardieri (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Agathis labillardieri Warb.

Protologue: Monsunia 1: 183 (1900).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: kayu damar putih (general), kessi, fuko (Irian Jaya)
  • Papua New Guinea: New Guinea kauri.


Western and central New Guinea; also cultivated in the same region.


The wood is used as kauri, especially for plywood and veneer as well as for pulp. Trees are tapped to obtain copal ("papeda").


  • A very large tree of up to 60 m tall.
  • Adult leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 6-9 cm × 2-2.4 cm, acute, on a 5-7 mm long petiole.
  • Mature pollen cones 2.5-3.5 cm × 1-1.5 cm, subtended by a 2-6 mm long peduncle, apical part of the microsporophylls prismatic with a series of lateral facies surrounding a flat hexagonal upper face 1-1.5 mm wide and long, the dorsal part sharply angled.
  • Seed cones not shattering on maturity, oval, 8.5-10 cm × 7.5-9 cm, seed bracts roughly obtriangular with nearly straight lateral margins and a distinct projection on one side and an indistinct one on the other.
  • Seed with a small and short, broadly acute projection on one upper corner and a wing on the other.

A. labillardieri is locally common and seems to prefer slightly oligotrophic soils which are often podzolized, but it occurs on a wide variety of other soil types from sea-level up to 1700(-2500) m altitude. The density of the wood is 420-520 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.

Selected sources

79, 116, 163, 259, 263, 331, 453, 461, 478, 748, 773, 774, 775, 776, 780.


  • C.C.H. Jongkind (selection of species)

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