Afzelia xylocarpa (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Afzelia xylocarpa (Kurz) Craib

Protologue: Kew Bull.: 267 (1912).


  • Pahudia xylocarpa Kurz (1876),
  • Pahudia cochinchinensis Pierre (1899),
  • Afzelia siamica Craib (1911).

Vernacular names

  • Cambodia: beng (general)
  • Laos: tê2 kha1, kha1 (general)
  • Thailand: makha-mong, makha-luang (general), makha-hua-kham (northern)
  • Vietnam: cà te, gõ dỏ, gõ tò te (southern).


Burma, Cambodia, Laos, southern Vietnam and Thailand.


The timber is used for various purposes and is very valuable in the region. The bark is used for tanning hides and skins. The fatty cotyledons of young seeds are edible.


  • A small to medium-sized tree of up to 30 m tall, bole branchless for 6-9 m, with a diameter of over 100 cm.
  • Leaves with 3-5 pairs of leaflets, leaflets 5-9 cm × 4-5 cm, rounded to emarginate at apex, glabrous.
  • Fertile stamens 7-8, 3 cm long, style 2.0-2.5 cm long.
  • Mature pod elliptical-oblong, 15-20 cm × 7-9 cm.

A. xylocarpa occurs in mixed deciduous or dry evergreen forest on clayey or laterite soil at 100-600 m altitude.

Selected sources

121, 159, 235, 421, 589, 590, 598, 626, 675.


M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)

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