Aerva sanguinolenta (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume


Protologue: Bijdr. fl. Ned. Ind.: 547 (1826).

Synonyms

Achyranthes sanguinolenta L. (1762), Aerva scandens (Roxb.) Wallich ex Moq. (1849), Aerva timorensis Moq. (1849).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: ki sambang (Sundanese), sambang colok, gondang kasih (Javanese)
  • Laos: do:k khaix ped (Luang Prabang)
  • Thailand: khruea khaao tok (northern), yaa dok khaao (central), phan nguu yai (Saraburi)
  • Vietnam: mông gà (Phu Khanh), rau chua, mao v[ix] dỏ.

Distribution

From India, Indo-China, southern China and Taiwan to Thailand and the Malesian region (Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, the Moluccas and the Philippines).

Uses

Decoctions of young branches are used internally against haematuria and irregular or painful menstruation. A. sanguinolenta is cultivated as an ornamental, particularly the purplish tinged form, e.g. in Java.

Observations

A perennial, erect or clambering herb up to 200 cm tall, sometimes branched, internodes often longer than 3 cm; leaves alternate or opposite, ovate-elliptical, oblong or lanceolate, 1.5-7.5 cm × 0.5-4.5 cm; spikes up to 5 cm long, partly in the axil of normal leaves, partly in the axil of bracts and often forming a loosely branched paniculate inflorescence; tepals 2-2.5 mm long, stigma 1, entire or obscurely 2-lobed; fruiting spike dense and thick, not easily breaking up. A. sanguinolenta is locally common in abandoned fields, brushwood and hedges, in Java up to 200 m altitude, but in Indo-China up to 2000 m.

Selected sources

93, 96, 580, 750, 816, 868, 1367, 1368, 1469, 1470, 1522.

Authors

N. Bunyapraphatsara & R.H.M.J. Lemmens