Acacia flavescens (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Acacia flavescens A. Cunn. ex Benth.

Family: Leguminosae - Mimosoideae


Racosperma flavescens (A. Cunn. ex Benth.) Pedley.

Vernacular names

  • Red wattle, yellow wattle (En).


Occurring naturally in Australia (coastal Queensland), and is cultivated in Papua New Guinea.


Provides good, dense fuelwood. Suitable plant for erosion control in fire-prone areas. Foliage palatable to cattle. Bark contains 10-26% tannin. Wood attractively marked, close-grained, hard, brown.


Unarmed straggling tree up to 10 m tall with straight stem and dark bark furrowed longitudinally. Branchlets angular with rather dense, grey-white, stellate hairs. Phyllodes ovate-falcate, 9-24 cm × 1-6 cm, with 3 prominent longitudinal veins, the upper 2 terminating at the margin with an indentation, usually with a gland. Inflorescence a globose head, grouped in terminal panicles 30 cm in diameter, each head consisting of up to 50 pale yellow flowers. Pod flat, somewhat winged, 6-12 cm × 1-2 cm, shining. Seed transverse, 6 mm × 4 mm, black, aril small and pale. A. flavescens coppices well, with vigorous regrowth from root suckers. It is found in coastal lowlands from 0-150(-1000) m altitude with 1000-2150 mm annual rainfall, on a wide range of soils (from sandy, well-drained, acid to neutral, to laterite ridges).

Selected sources

51, 146, 157, 170.


M.S.M. Sosef & L.J.G. van der Maesen