Acacia asak (Bekele-Tesemma, 2007)

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Acacia albida
Bekele-Tesemma, Useful trees and shrubs for Ethiopia, 2007
Acacia asak (Bekele-Tesemma, 2007)
Acacia brevispica

Acacia asak (Fabaceae, indigenous)

Common names

  • English: Wait-a-bit thorn
  • Afargna: Eibeto
  • Amargna: Sebansa
  • Tigrigna: Guadade, Haq, Sellewa
  • Somaligna: Adad‑medu, Gwider, Rede


This shrub or tree is confined to The Sudan Somalia, Arabia, Ethiopia and Eritrea. In Ethiopia it is found in Dry and Moist Kolla agroclimatic zones in Welo, Tigray and Harerge regions, mainly along water courses, on rocky ground, and in deciduous bushland, 400–1,900 m.


Firewood, charcoal, timber (construction), fodder (camel browse).


A tree or shrub up to 10 m.

  • BARK: On young stems yellow and peeling, on older stems dark grey and fissured.
  • THORNS: Variable, short, straight or re-curved, single, or in threes, the central thorn hooked.
  • LEAVES: Compound, with 3–6 widely spaced pairs of pinnae, on a stalk to 5 cm, leaflets grey-green with rounded tips.
  • FLOWERS: White-pale yellow on spikes to 11 cm.
  • FRUIT: Straight flat pods, brown-purple and smooth to 12 cm long, breaking open.


Does well from seedlings. Direct sowing at site is also possible.


5,000–6,000 seed per kg.

  • Treatment: Not necessary.
  • Storage: Can be stored for a long period.


It tends to be multi-stem. Stem reduction and pruning will help to develop trunk and increase ease of movement in between adjacent trees.