Artocarpus integer

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Artocarpus integer
(Thunb.) Merr.

alt=Description de l'image Cempedak whole1.JPG.
Ordre Rosales
Famille Moraceae
Genre Artocarpus

2n = 4x = 56

Origine : Asie du Sud-Est

sauvage et cultivé

Français chempedak
Anglais chempedak


Résumé des usages
  • fruit mûr comestible
  • graines consommées rôties ou bouillies
  • jeunes fruits et jeunes feuilles consommées comme légume
  • bois d'œuvre
  • écorce : cordes
  • latex : glu


Description

Noms populaires

français chempedak
anglais chempedak
néerlandais tjampedak
portugais champada
hindi कटौल - katol, लेमसा - lemasa (Mansfeld)
Indonésie chempedak, campedak (malais), baroh (lingga) (PROSEA)
Malaysia chempedak (cultivé), bankong (sauvage), baroh (Johor) (PROSEA)
Thaïlande champada (PROSEA)
Birmanie sonekadat (PROSEA)

Classification

Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr. (1917)

synonymes :

  • Radermachia integra Thunb. (1776)
  • Artocarpus integrifolia L.f. (1781) non Trimen (1898)
  • Artocarpus champeden (Lour.) Stokes (1812)

Cultivars

Histoire

Usages

Wild distribution: From Myanmar to Vietnam and from Peninsular Malaysia to N Indonesia (Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Moluccas, W Iran). Cultivated in this area and also in India, Sri Lanka and Java. 1782 imported in Jamaica. The fleshy fruits are eaten fresh or cooked. The typically yellow or orange, sometimes white or pink pulp is soft and mushy with a strong and characteristic odour, resembling durian and mango. Young fruits are cooked in coconut milk and eaten as a curried vegetable or in soup. The seeds are eaten roasted or boiled in salty water. Also young leaves serve as vegetable. The bark is used to make rope and the latex for the preparation of birdlime. The durable wood is used for construction, furniture and boats.

Mansfeld.


Références

  • Chauvet, Michel, 2018. Encyclopédie des plantes alimentaires. Paris, Belin. 880 p. (p. 465)
  • Primack, R. B., 1985. Comparative studies of fruits in wild and cultivated trees of chempedak (Artocarpus integer) and terap (Artocarpus odoratissimus) in Sarawak, E Malaysia with additional information on the reproductive biology of the Moraceae. Malayan Nature Journal (Malaysia), 39 :1-39.

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