Bibliographie de Plectranthus

De PlantUse Français
Révision de 17 janvier 2021 à 17:58 par Michel Chauvet (discussion | contributions)

(diff) ← Version précédente | Voir la version courante (diff) | Version suivante → (diff)
Aller à : navigation, rechercher

L'article de Lukhoba et al. donne une bibliographie qui vise à l'exhaustivité sur l'ethnobotanique des Plectranthus (et des Coleus).

  • Lukhoba, Catherine W. ; Simmonds, Monique S.J. & Paton, Alan J., 2006. Plectranthus: A review of ethnobotanical uses. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 103 : 1-24. doi : 10.1016/j.jep.2005.09.011.

Sommaire : Haut - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


  • Abdel-Mogib, M., Albar, H.A., Batterjee, S.M., 2002. Chemistry of the genus Plectranthus. Molecules 7, 271–301.
  • Abulfatih, H.A., 1987a. Medicinal Plants in South Western Saudi Arabia. Al Thaghr Press, Khamis.
  • Abulfatih, H.A., 1987b. Medicinal plants in South Western Saudi Arabia. Economic Botany 41, 354–360.
  • Adachi, H., Ehata, S., Hayashi, T., 1996. Antiaging cosmetics containing Coleus forskohlii root extracts and antioxidants. Patent-Japan Kokai Tokkyo Koho-08 176, 005 7.
  • Adler, A.C., Rüedi, P., Eugster, C.H., 1984. Plectranthone A, B, C und D. Diterpenoide Phenanthren-1,4-dione aus Blattdrüsen einer Plectranthus sp. (Labiatae). Helvetica Chimica Acta 64, 1003–1011.
  • Agarwal, K.C., Parks, R.E., 1983. Forskolin: a potential antimetastatic agent. International Journal of Cancer 32, 801–804.
  • Alasbahi, R.H., Safiyeva, S., Craker, L.E., 1999. Antimicrobial activity of some Yemeni medicinal plants. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants 6, 75–83.
  • Ali, A.M., Mooi, L.Y., Yih, K.Y., Norhanom, A.W., Saleh, K.M., Lajis, N.H., Yazid, A.M., Ahmad, F.B.H., Prasad, U., 2000. Anti-tumor promoting activity of some Malaysian traditional vegetable (Ulam) extracts by immunoblotting analysis of Raji cells. Natural Product Science 6, 147–150.
  • Allemann, J., Hammes, P.S., 2003. Chemical composition of South African Plectranthus esculentus tubers. South African Journal of Botany 99, 127–129.
  • Allemann, J., Robbertse, P.J., Hammes, P.S., 2003. Organographic and anatomical evidence that the edible storage organs of Plectranthus esculentus N.E.Br. (Lamiaceae) are stem tubers. Field Crops Research 83, 35–39.
  • Allemann, J., Laurie, S.M., Thiart, S., Vorster, H.J., 2004. Sustainable production of root and tuber crops (potato, sweet potato, indigenous potato, cassava) in Southern Africa. South African Journal of Botany 70, 60–66.
  • Almeida, F.C.G., Lemonica, I.P., 2000. The toxic effects of Coleus barbatus on the different periods of pregnancy in rats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 73, 53–60.
  • Al-Yahya, M.A., Hifnawy, M.S., Mossa, J.S., Al-Meshal, I.A., Mekkawi, A.G., 1985. Aromatic plants of Saudi Arabia. Part 7. Essential oil of Plectranthus tenuiflorus (Vatke) Agnew. Proceedings of the Saudi Biology Society 8, 147–153.
  • Anon., 1874. On Patchouli. Pharmeutical Journal 6, 432.
  • Arihara, S., Rüedi, P., Eugster, C.H., 1975. 42. Neue Spiro-Cyclopropyl-Cyclogexendion-Diterpene: Coleone M, N, P, Q, R sowie barbatusin aus Plectranthus caninus und Coleon O aus Coleus somaliensis. Helvetica Chimica Acta 58, 343.
  • Ascensão, L., Figueiredo, A.C., Barroso, J.G., Pedro, L.G., Schripsema, J., Deans, S.G., Scheffer, J.J.C., 1998. Plectranthus madagascariensis: morphology of the glandular trichomes, essential oil composition and its biological activity. International Journal of Plant Sciences 159, 31–38.
  • Aswal, B.S., Bhakuni, D.S., Goel, A.K., Kar, K., Mehrotra, B.N., Mukherjee, K.C., 1984. Screening of Indian plants for biological activity: Part X. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 22, 312–332.
  • Auchland Regional Council, 2002. Surveillance pest plants. Trees and shrubs. 95353 Auckland Pestsfacts 128, 2.


  • Baker, H.G., 1965. Characteristics and modes of origin of weeds. In: Baker, H.G., Stebbins, G.L. (Eds.), The Genetics of Colonizing Species. Academic Press, New York, pp. 147–172.
  • Baerts, M., Lehmann, J., 1989. Guérisseurs et plantes médicinales de la région des Zaire-Nil au Burundi. Musée Roy. De l’Afrique Centrale Tervuren, Belgique. Annales des Sciences Economiques 18.
  • Bally, P.R.O., 1937. Native medicinal and poisonous plants of East Africa. In: Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew, pp. 10–26.
  • Barnett, R., 2000. Traditional medical practitioners in Kenya: putting theory into practice. Traffic Bulletin 18, 87–89.
  • Baslas, R.K., Kumar, P., 1981. Chemical examination of essential oil of Coleus aromaticus Benth. Journal of Indian Chemistry Society 58, 103–104.
  • Batista, O., Duarte, A., Nascimento, J., Simões, M.F., De La Torre, M.C., 1994. Structure and antimicrobial activity of diterpenes from roots of Plectranthus hereroensis. Journal of Natural Products 57, 858–861.
  • Batista, O., Simões, M.F., Duarte, A., Valdeira, M.L., De La Torre, M.C., Rodríquez, B., 1995. Antimicrobial abietane from the roots of Plectranthus hereroensis. Phytochemistry 38, 167–169.
  • Batista, O., Simões, M.F., Nascimento, J., Riberio, S., Duarte, A., Rodríquez, B., De La Torre, M.C., 1996. A rearranged abietane diterpenoid from Plectranthus hereroensis. Phytochemistry 41, 571–573.
  • Bennett, B.C., Prance, G.T., 2000. Introduced plants in the indigenous pharmacopoeia of Northern South America. Economic Botany 54, 90–102.
  • Bhakuni, D.S., Dhar, M.L., Dhar, M.M., Dhawan, B.N., Mehrotra, B.N., 1969. Screening of Indian plants for biological activity. Part II. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 7, 250–262.
  • Bhakuni, D.S., Dhar, M.L., Dhar, M.M., Dhawan, B.N., Gupta, B., Srimali, R.C., 1971. Screening of Indian plants for biological activity. Part III. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 9, 91–102.
  • Bhat, S.V., Bhattacharya, B.K., Dohadwalla, A.N., De Souza, N.O., Dornauer, H., 1979. Isolation of coleforsin from the plant Coleus forskholii. Patent- Indian 147-030, 22 pp.
  • Bhat, S.V., De Souza, N.J., Dornauer, H., Bhattacharya, B.K., Dohadwalla, A.N., 1980. Effective substance from plants belonging to the Labiatae family. Patent-Canada 1,083,589, 20 pp.
  • Blench, R., 1997. Neglected species, livelihoods and biodiversity in difficult areas: how should the public sector respond? ODI, Report Natural Resource Perspectives No. 23.
  • Bodner, C.C., Gereau, R.E., 1988. A contribution to Bontoc ethnobotany. Economic Botany 42, 307–369.
  • Boily, Y., van Puyvelde, L., 1986. Screening of medicinal plants of Rwanda (Central Africa) for antimicrobial activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 16, 1–13.
  • Bos, R., Hendriks, H., van Os, F.H., 1983. The composition of the essential oil in the leaves of Coleus aromaticus Bentham and their importance as a component of the species antiaphthosae. Pharmaceutisch Weekblad Scientific Edition 5, 129–130.
  • Bouquet, A., 1969. Féticheurs et médicines traditionnelles du Congo. Mémoires, Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer, Paris.
  • Brieskorn, C.H., Riedel, W., 1977. Flavonoids from Coleus amboinicus. Planta Medica 31, 308–310.
  • Brokensha, D., Riley, B.W., 1978. Mbeere wild foods. Report, Economic Botany Library, Royal Botanic Garden, Kew.
  • Brown, D., 1997. Grenada: isle of spices. Herbs 22, 6–7.
  • Buchbauer, G., Rüedi, P., Eugster, C.H., 1978. Edulon A, ein 2H-1- oxapyrenderivat aus Plectranthus edulis (Labiatae). Helvetica Chimica Acta 61, 1969–1975.
  • Burkill, H.M., 1995. The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK.
  • Byavu, N., Henrard, C., Dubois, M., Malaisse, F., 2000. Phytothérapie traditionnelle des bovins dans les élevages de la plaine de la Ruzizi. Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et environnement 4, 135–156.


  • Camara, C.C., Nascimento, N.R., Macedo-Filho, C.L., Almeida, F.B., Fonteles, M.C., 2003. Antispasmodic effect of the essential oil of Plectranthus barbatus and some major constituents on the guinea-pig ileum. Planta Medica 69, 1080–1085.
  • Cano, J.H., Volpato, G., 2004. Herbal mixtures in the traditional medicine of Eastern Cuba. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 90, 293–316.
  • Caprioli, J., Sears, M., Bausher, L., Gregory, D., Mead, A., 1984. Forskolin lowers intraocular pressure by reducing aqueous inflow. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 25, 268–277.
  • Carbajal, D., Casaco, A., Arruzazabala, L., Gonzalez, R., Fuentes, V., 1991. Pharmacological screening of plant decoctions commonly used in Cuban folk medicine. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 33, 21–24.
  • Castillo, R.A.M., González, V.P., 1999. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales 3, 110–115.
  • Cerqueira, F., Cordeiro-Da-Silva, A., Gaspar-Marques, C., Simões, F., Pinto, M.M.M., Nascimento, M.S.J., 2004. Effect of abietane diterpenes from Plectranthus grandidentatus on T- and B-lymphocyte proliferation. Bioorganic Medicinal Chemistry 12, 217–223.
  • Chadya, M., Gundidza, M., 1999. Extraction Quantification Structure Elucidation and Biological Activities of Selected Essential Oils from Zimbabwe. Honors Project Publications, Department of Pharmacy, University of Zimbabwe, Africa.
  • Chalchat, J.C., Garry, R.P.H., Muhayimana, A., 1996. Aromatic plants of Rwanda. Chemical composition of two Labiaceae, Plectranthus barbatus and Plectranthus sylvestris. Rivista Italiana Eppos 7, 665–674.
  • Chamorro, G., Salazar, M., Fournier, G., Pages, N., 1991. Anti-implantation effects of various extracts of Plectranthus fruticosus on pregnant rats. Planta Medica 57, 81.
  • Cheek, M., Onana, J.M., Pollard, B.J. (Eds.), 2000. The Plants of Mt Oku and the Ijim Ridge, Cameroon. A Conservation Checklist. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Chhabra, S.C., Mahunnah, R.L.A., Mshiu, E.N., 1993. Plants used in traditional medicine in Eastern Tanzania. VI. Angiosperms (Sapotaceae to Zingiberaceae). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 39, 83–103.
  • Chifundera, K., 2001. Contribution to the inventory of medicinal plants from the Bushi area, South Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Fitoterapia 72, 351–368.
  • Codd, L.E., 1975. Plectranthus (Labiatae) and allied genera in Southern Africa. Bothalia 11, 371–442.
  • Coe, F., 2001. November plant forum. In: Plants for a New Millennium. Bulletin of California Horticultural Society, p. 3.
  • Cook, F.E.M., 1995. Economic Botany Data Collection Standard. International Working Group on Taxonomic Databases for Plant Sciences (TDWG). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK.
  • Cos, P., Hermans, N., De Bruyne, T., Apers, S., Sindambiwe, J.B., Berghe, D.V., Pieters, L., Vlietinck, A.J., 2002. Further evaluation of Rwandan medicinal plant extracts for their antimicrobial and antiviral activities. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 79, 155–163.
  • Costa, M.C.C.D., Nascimento, S.C., 2003. Atividade Citotóxica de Plectranthus barbatus Andr. (Lamiaceae). Acta Farmaceutica Bonaerense 22, 155–158.


  • Dash, V.B., Kashyap, V.L., 1987. Materia Medica of Ayurveda based on Ayurveda Saukhyan of Todarananda. Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi.
  • de Padua, L.S., 1988. Some Medicinal Plants for Common Ailments. Techguid Series No. 14. National Book Store, Inc., Philippines.
  • Dellar, J.E., Cole, M.D., Waterman, P.G., 1996. Antimicrobial abietane diterpenoids from Plectranthus elegans. Phytochemistry 41, 735–738.
  • Ding, X.S., Staudinger, J.L., 2005. Induction of drug metabolism by forskolin: the role of the pregnane X receptor and the protein kinase A signal transduction pathway. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 312, 849–856.
  • Dubey, M.P., Srimal, R.C., Nityandand, S., Dhawan, B.N., 1981. Pharmacological study of coleonol, a hypotensive diterpene from Coleus forskohlii. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 3, 1–13.
  • Dymoc, W., 1885. The Vegetable Materia Medica of Western India. Education Society Press, Bombay, India.


  • Elisabetsky, E., Castilhos, Z.C., 1990. Plants used as analgesics by Amazonian Caboclos as a basis for selecting plants for investigation. International Journal of Crude Drug Research 28, 309–320.


  • Ferraeira, R., Candeias, F., Simões, F., Nascimento, J., Morais, J.C., 1997. Effects of horminone on liver mixed function mono-oxygenases and glutathione enzyme activities of Wistar Rat. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 58, 21–30.
  • Fleurentin, J., Mazars, G., Pelt, J.M., 1983. Cultural background of the medicinal plants of Yemen. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 7, 183–203.
  • Frame, A.D., Riosolivares, E., De Jesus, L., Ortiz, D., Pagan, J., Mendez, S., 1998. Plants from Puerto Rico with anti-Mycobacterium tuberculosis properties. Puerto Rico Health Science Journal 17, 243–253.
  • França, F., Lago, E.L., Marsden, P.D., 1996. Plants used in the treatment of leishmanial ulcers due to Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis in an endemic area of Bahia, Brazil. Revista-Sociedade Brasileira de Medicinal Tropical 29, 229–232.
  • Fratkin, E.M., 1975. Herbal medicine and concept of disease in Samburu. Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi, Seminar Paper No. 655.


  • Gabetta, B., Zini, G., Daneli, B., 1989. Minor diterpenoids of Coleus forskohlii. Phytochemistry 28, 859–862.
  • Gachathi, F.N., 1989. Kikuyu Botanical Dictionary. AMREF, Nairobi, Kenya, Africa.
  • Gaspar-Marques, C., Simões, M.F., Duarte, A., Rodríguez, B., 2003. Labdane and kaurane derivatives from Plectranthus fruticosus. Journal of Natural Products 66, 491–496.
  • Geissler, P.W., Harris, S.A., Prince, R.J., Olsen, A., Odhiambo, R.A., Oketch-Rabah, H., Madiega, P.A., Andersen, A., Molgarrd, P., 2002. Medicinal plants used by Luo mothers and children in Bondo District, Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 83, 39–54.
  • Ghisalberti, E.L., 1977. Cardiovascular activity of naturally occurring lignans. Phytomedicine 4, 151–166.
  • Gibbons, S., 2004. Anti-staphylococcal plant natural products. Natural Product Report 21, 263–277.
  • Githens, T.S., 1949. Drug Plants of Africa. African Handbooks. University of Pennsyvania Press, The University Museum, USA.
  • Githinji, C.W., 1990. Ethnobotanical and chemotaxonomic study of some Kenyan medicinal Labiate species. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Nairobi, Kenya, Africa.
  • Githinji, C.W., Kokwaro, J.O., 1993. Ethnomedicinal study of major species in the family Labiatae from Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 39, 197–203.
  • Grayer, R.J., Eckert, M.R., Veitch, N.C., Kite, G.C., Marin, P.D., Kokubun, T., Simmonds, M.S.J., Paton, A.J., 2003. The chemotaxonomic significance of two bioactive caffeic acid esters, nepetoidins A and B, in the Lamiaceae. Phytochemistry 64, 519–528.
  • Greenway, P.J., 1946a. Origins of some East African food plants. East African Agricultural Journal 10, 3–4.
  • Grob, K., Rüedi, P., Eugster, C.H., 1978. Drüsenfarbstoffe aus Labiaten: Strukturen von 16 Diterpen (Coleone und Royleanone) aus Coleus coerulescens Gürke. Helvetica Chimica Acta 61, 871–884.
  • Gupta, P.P., Srimal, R.C., Tandon, J.S., 1993a. Antiallergic activity of some traditonal Indian medicinal plants. International Journal of Pharmacognosy 31, 15–18.
  • Gupta, S., Yadava, J.N.S., Tandon, J.S., 1993b. Antisecretory (antidiarrhoeal) activity of Indian medicinal plants agianst Escherichia coli enterotoxininduced secretion in rabbit and guinea pig ileal loop models. International Journal of Pharmacognosy 31, 198–204.
  • Gurib-Fakim, A., Sweraj, M.D., Gueho, J., Dulloo, E., 1996. Medicinal plants of Rodrigues. International Journal of Pharmacognosy 341, 2–14.


  • Hadi, S., Bremner, J.B., 2001. Initial studies on alkaloids from Lombok medicinal plants. Molecules 6, 117–129.
  • Hamill, F.A., Apio, S., Mubiru, N.K., Bukenya-Ziraba, R., Mosango, M., Maganyi, O.W., Soejarto, D.D., 2003. Traditional herbal drugs of Southern Uganda (II). Literature analysis and antimicrobial assays. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 84, 57–78.
  • Harsha, V.H., Hebbar, S.S., Hegde, G.R., Shripathi, V., 2002. Ethnomedical knowledge of plants used by Kunabi tribe of Karnataka in India. Fitoterapia 73, 281–287.
  • Harsha, V.H., Hebbar, S.S., Shripathi, V., Hedge, G.R., 2003. Ethnomedicobotany of Uttara Kannada District in Karnataka, India; plants in treatment of skin diseases. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 84, 37–40.
  • Harvey, Y., Pollard, B.J., Darbyshire, I., Onana, J.-M., Cheek, M., 2004. The Plants of Bali Ngemba Forest Reserve, Cameroon. A Conservation Checklist. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hattori, M., Nakabayashi, T., Lim, Y.A., Miyashiro, H., Kurokawa, M., Shiraki, K., Gupta, M.P., Correa, M., Pilapitiya, U., 1995. Inhibitory effects of various Ayurvedic and Panamanian medicinal plants on the infection of Herpes simplex Virus-1 in vitro and in vivo. Phytotherapy Research 9, 270–276.
  • Hedberg, I., Hedberg, O., Madati, P.J., Mshigeni, K.E., Mshiu, E.N., Samuelsson, G., 1983. Inventory of plants used in traditional medicine in Tanzania. II. Plants of the families Dilleniaceae-Opiliaceae. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 9, 105–127.
  • Hersey, S.J., Owirodu, A., Miller, M., 1983. Forskolin stimulation of acid and pepsinogen secretion by gastric glands. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 755, 293–299.
  • Holdsworth, D., 1977. Medicinal plants of Papua New Guinea. S. Pacific Commiss. Technical Paper 175. Noumea, New Caledonia, pp. 1– 123.
  • Holdsworth, D., Rali, T., 1989. A survey of medicinal plants of the Southern Highlands, Papua New Guinea. International Journal of Crude Drug Research 27, 1–8.
  • Holland, J.H., 1915. The useful plants of Nigeria. In: Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew, Addit. Series 9, p. 527.
  • Htwe, M.M., Nyein, M.M., Chit, K., Myint, M.M.S., Than, A., 2001. In vitro antibacterial activity of some indigenous plants and effects on in vivo staphalococcal induced wound. The Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal 13, 32–37.
  • Huang, W.C., Xie, Z.H., Konaka, H., Sodek, J., Zhau, H.E., Chung, L.W.K., 2005. Human osteocalcin and bone sialoprotein mediating osteomimicry of prostate cancer cells: role of cAMP-dependent protein kinase a signaling pathway. Cancer Research 65, 2303–2313.
  • Hulme, M.M., 1954. Wild Flowers of Natal. Shulter Shooter, Pietermaritzburg. Hutchings, A., Scott, A.H., Lewis, G., Cunningham, A., 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg.


  • Innamorati, T.F., 1973. Notes on popular African medicines in the Herbarium at Florence. Webbia (Erbario Tropicale Di Ferenze Florence Italy) 28, 81–134.


  • Jain, S.K., Lata, S., 1996. Amazonian uses of some plants growing in India. Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor 4, 21–23. Jain, S.P., Singh, S.C., Puri, H.S., 1994. Medicinal plants of Neterhat, Bihar, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 3, 44–50.
  • Jin, Q.D., He, B.H., 1998. Minor constituents from Coleus forskohlii. Yunnan Zhiwu Yanjiu 20, 469–473.
  • Jin, Q.D., Xie, Z.H., Mu, Q.Z., 1990. Chemical constituents of Coleus forskohlii Briq. Tianran Chanwu Yanjiu Yu Kaifa 2, 6–9.
  • Joffe, P., 1993. The Gardener’s Guide to South African Plants. Delos, Cape Town.
  • Joffe, P., 2001. Creative Gardening with Indigenous Plants: A South African Guide. Briza, Pretoria.
  • Johns, T., Faubert, G.M., Kokwaro, J.O., Mahunnah, R.L.A., Kimanani, E.K., 1995. Anti-giardial activity of gastrointestinal remedies of the Luo of East Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 46, 17–23.
  • Johns, T., Kokwaro, J.O., Kimanani, E.K., 1990. Herbal remedies of the Luo of Siaya District, Kenya: quantitative criteria for consensus. Economic Botany 44, 369–381.
  • Juch, M., Rüedi, P., 1997. Isolation, structure, and biological activities of long-chain catechols of Plectranthus sylvestris (Labiatae). Helvetica Chimica Acta 80, 436–448.


  • Kakudidi, E.K.Z., Oryem-Origa, H., Bukenya-Ziraba, R., Katende, A.B., 1996. Ruwenzori mountain forest non-timber products and people. In: van der Maesen, J.G., van der Burgt, X.M., van Medenbach, J.M. (Eds.), The Biodiversity of African Plants. Proceedings 14th AETFAT Congress. Wageningen, The Netherlands, 22–27 August 1994, pp. 732– 735.
  • Katti, S.B., Rüedi, P., Eugster, C.H., 1985. Diterpenoide Chinomethane, vinyloge Chinone und ein Phyllocladan-Derivat aus Plectranthus purpuratus Harv. (Labiatae). Helvetica Chimica Acta 66, 2189–2197.
  • Kelecom, A., 1983. 6-Beta-hydroxycarnosol, a new minor diterpene from the false Boldo Coleus barbatus Bentham (Labiatae). Quimica Nova 6, 117–118.
  • Kelecom, A., Dos Santos, T.C., 1985. Cariocal, a new seco-abietane diterpene from the Labiate Coleus barbatus. Tetrahedron Letters 26, 3659–3662.
  • Kemtoff, M.R., Albuquerque, R.L., Machado, M.I.L., Matos, F.J.A., Craveiro, A.A., 2002. Essential oils from leaves, stems and roots of Plectranthus barbatus Andr. (Labiatae) grown in Brazil. Journal of Essential Oil Research 14, 101–102.
  • Kokwaro, J.O., 1985. A review of research on plants for fertility regulation in Africa. Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy 12, 149–152.
  • Kokwaro, J.O., 1993. Medicinal Plants of East Africa, second ed. Kenya Literature Bureau, Nairobi.
  • Kreutner, W., Chapman, R.W., Gulbenkian, A., Tozzi, S., 1985. Bronchodilator and antiallergy activity of forkolin. European Journal of Pharmacology 111, 1–8.
  • Kuebel, K.R., Tucker, A.O., 1988. Vietnamese culinary herbs in the United States. Economic Botany 42, 413–419.
  • Kunzle, J.M., R¨uedi, P., Eugster, C.H., 1987. Isolierung und Struktur von 36 Diterpenoiden aus Trichomen von Plectranthus edulis (Vatke) T.T. Aye. Helvetica Chimica Acta 70, 1911–1929.
  • Kusumoto, I.T., Nakabayashi, T., Kida, H., Miyashiro, H., Hattori, M., Namba, T., Shimotohno, K., 1995. Screening of various plant extracts used in Ayurvedic medicine for inhibitory effects on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Protease. Phytotherapy Research 9, 180–184.


  • Lassak, E.V., McCarthy, T., 1983. Australian Medicinal Plants. Methuen Australia Ply Ltd.
  • Lasure, A., van Poel, B., De Clerck, L.S., Bridts, C.H., Stevens, W.J., Rwangaro, P.C., Pieters, L., Vlietinck, A.J., 1995. Screening of Rwandese plant extracts for their influence on lymphocyte proliferation. Phytomedicine 1, 303–307.
  • Lindner, E., Dohadwalla, A.N., Bhattacharya, B.K., 1978. Positive inotropic and blood pressure lowering activity of a diterpene derivative isolated from Coleus forskohli: Forskolin. Arzneimittelforschung 28, 284– 289.
  • Lindner, E., Metzger, H., 1983. The action of forskolin on muscle cells is modified by hormones, calcium ions and calcium antagonists. Arzneimittelforschung 33, 1436–1441. Lindsay, R.S., Hepper, F.N., 1978. Medicinal Plants of Marakwet, Kenya. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Publication.
  • Liu, G., Muller, R., R¨uedi, P., 2003. Chemical transformations of phyllocladane (=13 beta-kaurane) diterpenoids. Helvetica Chimica Acta 86, 420–438.
  • Liu, G., R¨uedi, P., 1996. Phyllocladanes (13beta-kauranes) from Plectranthus ambiguus. Phytochemistry 41, 1563–1568.
  • Lusigi, W.J., Nkurunziza, E.R., Masheti, S., 1984. Forage preferences of livestock in the arid lands of Northern Kenya. Journal of Range Management 37, 542–548.


  • Maia, J.G.S., Ramos, L.S., Luz, A.I.R., Da Silva, M.L., Zoghbi, M.G.B., 1988. Uncommon Brazilian essential oils of the Labiatae and Compositae. Development in Food Science 18, 177–188.
  • Maiden, J.H., 1899. Indigenous Vegetable Drugs. Report No. 2. Department of Agriculture, Sidney, Australia.
  • Maikhuri, R.K., Gangwar, A.K., 1993. Ethnobiological notes on the Khasi and Garo tribes of Meghalaya, North East India. Economic Botany 47, 345–347.
  • Mathela, D.K., Kharkwal, H.B., Mathela, C.S., 1986. Terpenoids of roots of Coleus forskohlii. Fitoterapia 57, 299–301.
  • Matloubi-Moghadam, F., Rüedi, P., Eugster, C.H., 1984. Novel coleons and royleanones from Coleus somaliensis S. Moore. Helvetica Chimica Acta 67, 201–208.
  • Matu, E.N., van Staden, J., 2003. Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities of some plants used for medicinal purposes in Kenya. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 87, 35–41.
  • Mehrotra, F., Vishwakarma, R.A., Thakur, R.S., 1989. Abietane diterpenoids from Coleus zeylanicus. Phytochemistry 28, 3135–3137.
  • Metzger, H., Lindner, E., 1981. The positive inotropic-acting forskolin, a potent adenylate cyclase activator. Arzneimittelforschung 31, 1248–1250.
  • Milliken, W., 1977. Traditional anti-malarial medicine in Roraima, Brazil. Economic Botany 51, 212–237.
  • Mitchell, J., Rook, A., 1979. Botanical Dermatology. Plants and Plant Products Injurious to the Skin. Greengrass Ltd., Vancouver, Canada.
  • Moir, M., Rüedi, P., Eugster, C.H., 1973a. Diterpenoid hydroquinones from Coleus somaliensis (S. Moore): coleons H, I and K. Helvetica Chimica Acta 56, 2534–2539.
  • Moir, M., Rüedi, P., Eugster, C.H., 1973b. Diterpenoids from Coleus somaliensis (S. Moore); coleons F and J. Helvetica Chimica Acta 56, 2539–2548.
  • Mooi, Y.L., Ali, A.M., Norhanom, A.B., Salleh, K.M., Murakami, A.K., Koshimizu, K., 1999. Anti-tumor promoting activity of some Malaysian traditional vegetables (Ulam). Natural Product Sciences 5, 33–38.
  • Morris, B., 1996. Chewe medical botany. A study of herbalism in Southern Malawi. Monograph from the International African Institute, vol. 2. LIT Verlag.
  • Morton, J.F., 1992. Country borage (Coleus amboinicus Lour.): a potent flavoring and medicinal plant. Journal of Herbs, Spices Medicinal Plants 1, 77–90.
  • Motolese, A., Seidenari, S., Truzzi, M., Giannetti, A., 1991. Frequency of contact sensitization to Euxyl K 400. Contact Dermatitis 25, 128– 129.
  • Mugisha, M.K., 2002. The socio-cultural aspects in utilization of medicinal plants in reproductive healthcare in Western Uganda. A paper presented at The World’s Women Congress, 2002. Gender Studies and Development, Makerere.
  • Mukherjee, S., Ghosh, B., Sumita, J., 2000. Establishment of forskolin yielding transformed cell suspension cultures of Coleus forskohlii as controlled by different factors. Journal of Biotechnology 76, 73–81.


  • Neuwinger, H.D., 2000. African Traditional Medicine. A Dictionary of Plant Use and Applications. Medpharm Scientific Publishers, Stuttgart, pp. 406–408.
  • Ngassoum, M.B., 2001. Investigation of essential oils of Plectranthus glandulosus Hook. f. (Lamiaceae) from Cameroon. Journal of Essential Oil Research 13, 73–75.
  • Nyanyiwa, M., Gundidza, M., 1999. Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oils of Ageratum conzoides, Plectranthus ecklonii, Conyza scabrida and Conyza bonariensis. Student Publications, Pharmacy Department, University of Zimbabwe.


  • Ole-Marion, J.O., 2003. The Masai ethnodiagnostic skill of livestock diseases: a lead to traditional bioprospecting. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 84, 79–83.
  • Omolo, M.O., Okinyo, D., Ndiege, I.O., Lwande, W., Hassanali, A., 2004. Repellency of essential oils of some Kenyan plants against Anopheles gambiae. Phytochemisty 65, 2797–2802.
  • Ong, H.C., Nordiana, M., 1999. Malay ethno-medico botany in Machang, Kelantan, Malaysia. Fitoterapia 70, 502–513.
  • Othman, B.A., Shoman, S.A., 2004. Antiphytoviral activity of the Plectranthus tenuiflorus on some important viruses. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 6, 844–849.
  • Owili, D.M., 1977. Perianal dermatitis in Kenya due to Plectranthus barbatus leaves (Maigoya leaves). East African Medical Journal 54, 571–573.
  • Ozawa, H., Amemiya, M.N., Saito, T., Takahata, N., 1997. Novel water soluble forskolin analog (NKH477) shows antidepressant-like effects in forced swim test. Biological Psychiatry 42, 235S.


  • Pages, N., Fournier, G., Chamorro, G., Salazar, M., 1991. Teratogenic effects of Plectranthus fructicosus essential oil in mice. Phytotherapy Research 5, 94–96.
  • Pages, N., Salazar, M., Chamorro, G., Fournier, G., Paris, M., Dumitresco, S.M., Boudene, C., 1998. Teratogenic effects of Plectranthus fructicosus essential oil in mice. Planta Medica 54, 296–298.
  • Painuly, P., Tandon, J.S., 1983. Triterpenes and flavones from Coleus spicatus. Journal of Natural Products 46, 285.
  • Parkia, M., Cooke, J.A., 2003. The ethnobotany of the Midzichenda tribes of the coastal forest areas in Kenya. 2. Medicinal plant uses. South African Journal of Botany 69, 382–395.
  • Paton, A.J., Springate, D., Suddee, S., Otieno, D., Grayer, R.J., Harley, M.M., Willis, F., Simmonds, M.S.J., Powell, M.P., Savolainen, V., 2004. Phylogeny and evolution of basils and allies (Ocimeae, Labiatae) based on three plastid DNA regions. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31, 277–299.
  • Perrot, E., 1944. Matières Premières Usuelles du Règne Végétal. Tome Second, Masson, Paris, pp. 1089–2343.
  • Pino, J.A., Garcia, J., Martinez, M.A., 1996. Comparative chemical composition of the volatiles of Coleus aromaticus produced by steam distillation, solvent extraction and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction. Journal of Essential Oil Research 8, 373–375.
  • Prudent, D., Perineau, F., Bessiere, J.M., Michel, G.M., Baccou, J.C., 1995. Analysis of the essential oil of wild oregano from Martinique (Coleus aromaticus Benth.): evaluation of its bacteriostatic and fungistatic properties. Journal of Essential Oil Research 7, 165–173.
  • Purseglove, J.W., 1987. Tropical Plants. Dicotyledons. Longman Scientific Technical.


  • Rabe, T., van Staden, J., 1998. Screening of Plectranthus species for antibacterial activity. South African Journal of Botany 64, 62–65.
  • Rahman, M.A., Mossa, J.S., Al-Said, M.S., Al-Yahya, M.A., 2004. Medicinal plant diversity in the flora of Saudi Arabia. 1: A report on seven plant families. Fitoterapia 75, 149–161.
  • Rajendran, A., Rao, N.R., Ravikumar, K., Henry, A.N., 1999. Some medicinal and aromatic labiates from the Peninsular India. Journal of Non-Timber Forest Products 6, 26–30.
  • Ramachandran, V.S., Nair, V.J., 1981. Ethnobotanical studies in Cannanore District, Kerala State (India). Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 2, 65–72.
  • Reinten, E., Cootzee, J.H., 2002. Commercialization of South African indigenous crops: aspects of research and cultivation of products. In: Janick, J., Whipkey, A. (Eds.), Trends in New Crops and New Uses. ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA.
  • Rijo, P., Gaspar-Marques, C., Simoes, F., Duarte, A., Apreda-Rijas, M.C., Cano, F.H., Rodriquez, B., 2002. Neoclerodane and labdane diterpenoids from Plectranthus ornatus. Journal of Natural Products 65, 1387– 1390.
  • Riley, B.W., Brokensha, D., 1988. The Mberee in Kenya. Botanical Identities and Uses, vol. 2. University Press of America.
  • Roberts, M., 1990. Indigenous Healing Plants. Southern Book Publishers.
  • Rodríguez, B., De La Torre, M.C., Simões, F., Batista, O., Nascimento, J., Duarte, A., Mayer, R., 1995. Revison of the structure of an aristolane sesquiterpene aldehyde isolated from the roots of Plectranthus. Phytochemistry 38, 905–907.
  • Rüedi, P., 1986. Novel diterpenoids from leaf glands of Plectranthus barbatus (Labiatae). The absolute configuration of the 2-hydroxypropyl group in Coleon E. Helvetica Chimica Acta 69, 972–984.
  • Rüedi, P., Eugster, C.H., 1973. Strucktur von Coleon F. Helvetica Chimica Acta 56, 1129–1132.
  • Ruiz, A.R., De La Torre, R.A., Alonso, N., Villaescusa, A., Betancourt, J., Vizoso, A., 1996. Screening of medicinal plants for induction of somatic segregation activity in Aspergillus nidulans. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 52, 123–127.
  • Rwangabo, P.C., 1993. La médicine traditionnelle au Rwanda. Edition Karthala, ACCT.


  • Schanberg, B.T., Ikan, I.A., 2003. Quantitative analysis of forskolin in Coleus forkohlii (Lamiaceae) by reversed-phase liguid chromatography. Journal of AOAC International 86, 467–470.
  • Schlage, C.H., Mabula, C., Mahunnah, R.L.A., Heinrich, M., 2000. Medicinal plants of Washambaa (Tanzania): documentation and ethnopharmacological evaluation. Plant Biology 2, 82–92.
  • Schmid, J.M., Rüedi, P., Eugster, C.H., 1982. Diterpenoid drüsenfarbstoffe aus Labiaten: 22 neue Coleone und Royleanone aus Plectranthus lanuginosus. Helvetica Chimica Acta 65, 2136–2163.
  • Sebastian, M.K., Bhandari, M.M., 1984. Medico-Ethno Botany of Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 12, 223–230.
  • Shankar, D., Majumdar, B., 1995. The challenges facing the biocultural heritage of India’s medicinal plants. In: Medicinal Plants for Conservation and Health Care. Non-Wood Forest Products (II). FAO Publication. Sharma, K.C., Sharma, U., 1981. Some promising plant remedies. Indian Journal of Pharmacology 131, 96–97.
  • Singh, V.K., Ali, Z.A., 1992. A contribution to the Ethnopharmacological Study of the Udaipur Forests of Rajasthan, India. Fitoterapia 63, 136–144.
  • Smith, R.M., Bahaffi, S.O., Albar, H.A., 1996. Chemical composition of the essential oil of Plectranthus tenuiflorus from Saudi Arabia. Journal of Essential Oil Research 8, 447–448.
  • Spicy hu, G´abor RABI, 2004. Herb Plant Database, modules.php?name=Herbplantsop=showdetailsid=253newlang =english.
  • Steele, J.C., Phelps, R.J., Simmonds, M.S.J., Warhurst, D.C., Meyer, D.J., 2002. Two novel assays for the detection of haemin-binding properties of antimalarials evaluated with compounds isolated from medicinal plants. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 50, 25–31.
  • Stepp, J.R., 2004. The role of weeds as sources of pharmaceuticals. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 92, 163–166.
  • Sugiyama, K., Takada, K., Fukushima, A., Egawa, M., 1988. Forskolincontaining composition for hair graying suppression. Patent-European Patent Applications 293, 837.
  • Svoboda, K., 1996. Natural products from plants. Herbs 21, 230. Tabuti, J.R., Lye, K.A., Dhillion, S.S., 2003. Traditional herbal drugs of Bulamogi, Uganda: plants, use and administration. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 88, 19–44.


  • Tandon, V., 1996. CAMP Workshop: plants under threat—new list forged. Medicinal Plant Conservation 2, 12–13.
  • Tandon, J.S., Jauhari, P.K., Singh, R.S., Dhar, M.M., 1978. Structures of three new diterpenes, coleonol-B, coleonol-C and deoxycoleonol isolated from Coleus forskohlii. Indian Journal of Chemistry B 16, 341–345.
  • Tandon, J.S., Painuly, P., Katti, S.B., Singh, S., 1984. Chemistry and antihypertensive activity of coleonol derivatives. Indian Journal of Chemistry 23, 67–69.
  • Tandon, J.S., Roy, R., Balachandran, S., Vishwakarma, R.A., 1992. Epideoxylcoleonol, a new antihypertensive labdane diterpenoid from Coleus forskohlii. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 2, 249–254.
  • Teixeira, A.P., Batista, O., Simões, M.F., Nasimento, J., Duarte, A., De La Torre, M.C., Rodríque, B., 1997. Abietane diterpenoids from Plectranthus grandidentatus. Phytochemistry 44, 325–327.
  • Tewtrakul, S., Miyashiro, H., Nakamura, N., Hattori, M., Kawahata, T., Otake, T., Yoshinaga, T., Fujiwara, T., Supavita, T., Yuenyongsawad, S., Rattanasuwon, P., Dej-Adisai, S., 2003. HIV-1 integrase inhibitory substances from Coleus parvifolius. Phytotherapy Research 17, 232–239.


  • Uchida, M., Miyase, T., Yoshizaki, F., Bieri, J.H., Rüedi, P., Eugster, C.H., 1981. Isolation of 14-hydroxytaxodione from Plectranthus grandidentatus Gürke and of seven new dimeric diterpenoids from P. grandidentatus, P. myrianthus and Coleus carnosus. Structures of Grandidone A, 7-Epi- A, B, 7-Epi-B, C, D and 7-Epi-D. Helvetica Chimica Acta 64, 2227– 2250.


  • Valdes, L.J., Mislankar, S.G., Paul, A.G., 1987. Coleus barbatus (C. forskohlii) (Lamiaceae) and the potential new drug forskolin (coleonol). Economic Botany 41, 474–483.
  • van Puyvelde, L., Ntawukiliyayo, J.D., Portaels, F., Hakizamungu, E., 1994. In vitro inhibition of mycobacteria by Rwandese medicinal plants. Phytotherapy Research 8, 62–69.
  • Varma, K.C., Sharma, R.K., 1963. Antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Plectranthus incanus. Indian Journal of Pharmacology 25, 189.
  • Venter, S.L., Van den Heever, E., Allemann, J., Viljoen, J., 2000. Potential vegetable and medicinal uses of traditional crops in South Africa. Acta Horticulture 523, 25–28.
  • Vigneron, M., Deparis, X., Deharo, E., Bourdy, G., 2005. Antimalarial remedies in French Guiana: a knowledge attitudes and practices study. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 98, 351–360.
  • Vlietinck, A.J., van Hoof, L., Totte, J., Lasure, A., Vanden Berghe, D., Rwangabo, P.C., Mvukiyumwami, J., 1995. Screening of hundred Rwandese medicinal plants for antimicrobial and antiviral properties. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 46, 31–47.


  • Watt, J.M., Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G., 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa, second ed. E. and S. Livingstone Ltd., London.
  • Wiersema, J.H., Leon, B., 1999. World Economic Plants: A Standard Reference. CRC Press.
  • Wirtu, G., Adugna, G., Samuel, T., Kelbessa, E., Geleto, A., 1997. Aspects of farmers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices of animal health problems in central Ethiopia. In: Ethnoveterinary Medicine: Alternatives for Livestock Development. Proceedings International Conference, Pune, India, 4–6 November.
  • Woodley, E., 1991. Medicinal Plants of Papua New Guinea. Part 1: Morobe Province. Verlag Josef Margraf.


  • Yamada, T., 1999. A report on the ethnobotany of the Nyindu in the Eastern part of the former Zaire. African Study Monographs 20, 1–70.
  • Yoganarasimhan, S.N., 2000. Medicinal Plants of India, Tamil Nadu. V. Srinivasan, N. Kosal Ram. Cyber Media, Bangalore, p. 2.


  • Zelnik, R., Lavic, D., Levy, E.C., Wang, A.H.J., Paul, I.C., 1977. Barbatusin and cyclobutatusin. Two novel diterpenoids from Coleus barbatus. Tetrahedron 33, 1457–1467.
  • Zepernick, B., 1972. Arzneipflanzer der Polynesier. Dietrich Reimer, Berlin.