Amaranthus tricolor

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Amaranthus tricolor L.

alt=Description de l'image Amaranthus tricolor6.jpg.
Ordre Caryophyllales
Famille Amaranthaceae
Genre Amaranthus

2n =

Origine : Asie tropicale


Français amarante
Anglais amaranth

Résumé des usages
  • feuilles consommées comme légume cuit, tiges parfois comme asperges
  • ornementale spectaculaire par la couleur de ses feuilles
  • médicinale


  • plante herbacée annuelle, ramifiée, atteignant 125 cm de haut
  • feuilles simples, ovales, rhomboïdes ou lancéolées, de couleur variée (vert, jaune, orange, rouge, pourpre)
  • fleurs en glomérules axillaires et en épi terminal

Noms populaires

français amarante, amarante tricolore, brède de Malabar
anglais amaranth, Joseph’s coat, Chinese spinach, tampala ; callaloo, bhaji (Jamaïque, Trinidad)
allemand Ganges-Amaranth, Papageienkraut
néerlandais amarant
italien erba pappagallo
espagnol papagayo, espinaca
portugais amaranto, bredo
swahili mchicha (PROTA)
chinois 苋 - xian (Flora of China), xiàn cài ; yin-choi, hon-toi-moi
japonais hiyuna
bengali chanpanoteya, dengua, lal-shak, raknashak (Wealth of India)
gujerati adabau lambho (Wealth of India)
hindi bhājī, lāl sāg, caulāī ; chaulai, chumli sag, lalnatiya, lal sag (Wealth of India)
kannada chilikeerae soppu, dantu soppu (Wealth of India)
malayalam cheera (Wealth of India)
marathi math, ranmat, tambda math (Wealth of India)
oriya balal sag, lal khada (Wealth of India)
sanscrit ùarisha, mekanada, tanduliya (Wealth of India)
tamoul arai keerai, mulakkeerai, siru keerai, thandu keerai (Wealth of India)
telugu doggalikura, erratotakura, thotakura (Wealth of India)
Assam lal sak, ranga sak (Wealth of India)
Deccan churi ki bhaji (Wealth of India)
Bombay matichulai (Wealth of India)
Mundari araleperara, gandaleperara, nagurileperara (Wealth of India)
Penjab lal sag (Wealth of India)
indonésien bayam


Amaranthus tricolor L. (1753)

synonymes :

  • Amaranthus tristis L. (1753)
  • Amaranthus melancholicus L. (1753)
  • Amaranthus gangeticus L. (1759)
  • Amaranthus mangostanus L. (1755)




Amaranthus gangeticus Linn. AMARANTHUS. Tropical zone. This amaranthus is cultivated by the natives in endless varieties and is in general use in Bengal. The plant is pulled up by the root and carried to market in that state. [1] The leaves are used as a spinach. [2] Roxburgh [3] says there are four leading varieties cultivated as pot-herbs: Viridis, the common green sort, is most cultivated; Ruber, a beautiful, bright colored variety; Albus, much cultivated in Bengal; Giganteus, is five to eight feet high with a stem as thick as a man's wrist. The soft, succulent stem is sliced and eaten as a salad, or the tops are served as an asparagus.[4] In China, the plant is eaten as a cheap, cooling, spring vegetable by all classes. [5] It is much esteemed as a potherb by all ranks of natives. [6] This species is cultivated about Macao and the neighboring part of China and is the most esteemed of all their summer vegetables. [7]

  1. Roxburgh, W. Hort. Beng. 67. 1814.
  2. Firminger, T. A. C. Gard. Ind. 142. 1874.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ibid.
  5. Smith, F. P. Contrib. Mat. Med. China 12. 1871.
  6. Wight, R. Icon. Pls. 2:713. 1843. (A. tristis)
  7. Livingstone, J. Trans. Hort. Soc. Lond. 5:54. 1824. (A. tristis)

Amaranthus polygamus Linn. GOOSE-FOOT. Tropical Africa and East Indies. This plant is cultivated in India and is used as a pot-herb. [1] It has mucilaginous leaves without taste. [2] This amaranthus is a common weed everywhere in India and is much used by the natives as a pot-herb. [3] Drury says it is considered very wholesome. [4] This species is the goose-foot of Jamaica, where it is sometimes gathered and used as a green. [5]

  1. Royle, J. F. Illustr. Bot. Himal. 1:321. 1839.
  2. Ibid.
  3. Wight, R. Icon. Pls. 2:719. 1843. (A. polygonoides)
  4. Drury, H. Useful Plants Ind. 31. 1858. (A. polygonoides)
  5. Lunan, J. Hort. Jam. 1:381. 1814.
Sturtevant, Notes on edible plants, 1919.